/rownd"hed'/, n. Eng. Hist.
a member or adherent of the Parliamentarians or Puritan party during the civil wars of the 17th century (so called in derision by the Cavaliers because they wore their hair cut short).
[1635-45; ROUND1 + HEAD]

* * *

▪ English history
      adherent of the Parliamentary Party during the English Civil War (1642–51) and after. Many Puritans wore their hair closely cropped in obvious contrast to the long ringlets fashionable at the court of Charles I. Roundhead appears to have been first used as a term of derision toward the end of 1641, when debates in Parliament on the Bishops' Exclusion Bill were causing riots at Westminster. John Rushworth, in Historical Collections of Private Passages of State (1680–1701), claims that the word was first used on Dec. 27, 1641, by a disbanded army officer, David Hide, who, during a riot, brandished his sword threatening to “cut the Throat of those Roundheaded Dogs that bawled against Bishops.” But Richard Baxter (Reliquiae Baxterianae, 1696) ascribes the origin of the term to a remark made by Queen Henrietta Maria at the trial (March–April 1641) of Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford; referring to the parliamentary leader John Pym, she asked who the roundheaded man was.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.


См. также в других словарях:

  • Roundhead — Roundhead, Gemälde von John Pettie (1839–1893) Als Roundheads (englisch für Rundköpfe) wurden während des Englischen Bürgerkriegs von 1642 bis 1649 die Anhänger des Parlaments bezeichnet. Ihre Feinde, die Royalisten unter König Karl I., nannte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roundhead — Round head , n. (Eng. Hist.) A nickname for a Puritan. See Roundheads, the, in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction. Toone. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roundhead — adherent of Parliamentary party in the English Civil War, 1641, so called for their custom of wearing the hair close cropped, in contrast to the flowing curls of the cavaliers …   Etymology dictionary

  • Roundhead — ► NOUN historical ▪ a member or supporter of the Parliamentary party in the English Civil War. ORIGIN with reference to their short cropped hair …   English terms dictionary

  • Roundhead — [round′hed΄] n. a member or supporter of the Parliamentary, or Puritan, party in England during the English civil war (1642 52): originally a derisive term, with reference to the Puritans close cropped hair in contrast to the Cavaliers long hair …   English World dictionary

  • Roundhead — This article is about the Parliamentarians during the English Civil War. For other uses, see Roundhead (disambiguation). A Roundhead by John Pettie Roundhead was the nickname given to the supporters of the Parliament during the English Civil War …   Wikipedia

  • Roundhead — UK [ˈraʊndˌhed] / US noun [countable] Word forms Roundhead : singular Roundhead plural Roundheads a supporter of Parliament in the English Civil War of the 17th century See: Cavalier …   English dictionary

  • roundhead — 1. adjective Describing the head of a screw that is dome shaped. 2. noun A roundhead screw, one with a domed head …   Wiktionary

  • Roundhead — Round|head [ raundhɛd] der; [s], s <aus gleichbed. engl. roundhead, eigtl. »Rundkopf«, wegen des kurzen Haarschnitts> Spottname für einen Anhänger des Parlaments im englischen Bürgerkrieg 1644 1649 …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Roundhead — noun Etymology: from the Puritans cropping their hair short in contrast to the Cavaliers Date: 1641 1. a member of the parliamentary party in England at the time of Charles I and Oliver Cromwell 2. puritan 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»