Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry


Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry
Gis·card d'Es·taing (zhĭ-skärʹ dĕs-tăngʹ, -tăɴʹ), Valéry. Born 1926.
French political leader who as president of France (1974-1981) struggled against rising inflation and unemployment.

* * *

born Feb. 2, 1926, Koblenz, Ger.

French political leader, third president of the Fifth Republic (1974–81).

He was elected to the National Assembly in 1956. He served as finance minister under Charles de Gaulle (1962–66) and Georges Pompidou (1969–74); in his first term of office France attained its first balanced budget in 30 years, but his conservative policies helped cause a recession and he was dismissed. In 1974 he became president after defeating François Mitterrand and helped strengthen the European Economic Community. In 1981 he was defeated in another runoff election with Mitterrand. Giscard later served in the National Assembly (1984–89) and the European Parliament (1989–93). In 2001 he was appointed by the European Union to chair a convention charged with drafting a constitution for the organization.

Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, 1985.

©1985 Thierry Boccon-Gibod/Black Star

* * *

▪ president of France
born February 2, 1926, Koblenz, Germany
 
 French political leader, who served as the third president of the Fifth Republic of France (1974–81).

      Giscard was the eldest son of a prominent French financier and economist and member of a patrician family. He attended the École Polytechnique (interrupting his schooling in 1944–45 to serve in the French army) and the École Nationale d'Administration in Paris. In the early 1950s he worked in the Finance Ministry.

      Giscard was elected to the French National Assembly in 1956 and was a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly (1956–58). He served as the secretary of state for finance (1959–62) and was appointed finance minister (1962–66) by President Charles de Gaulle (Gaulle, Charles de). During his first term of office as finance minister, France attained a balanced budget for the first time in 30 years. His international economic policies—among them his attempt to limit American economic influence in France—and his other conservative financial measures helped cause a recession and brought him discredit in the business and labour sectors; he was dismissed.

      In 1966 Giscard founded and served as first president of the Independent Republicans, a conservative party that worked in coalition with the Gaullists. From 1969 to 1974 he was again finance minister under President Georges Pompidou (Pompidou, Georges). Giscard was elected to the presidency in a runoff election against the leftist candidate François Mitterrand (Mitterrand, François) on May 19, 1974. One of the notable achievements of his presidency was France's role in the strengthening of the European Economic Community. He was defeated in another runoff with Mitterrand on May 10, 1981.

      Giscard returned to politics in 1982, serving as conseiller général of Puy-de-Dôme département until 1988. He was elected to the National Assembly, serving from 1984 to 1989, and was influential in uniting France's rightist parties. From 1989 to 1993 he served as a member of the European Parliament. In 2001 Giscard was appointed by the European Union to chair a convention charged with drafting a constitution for the organization. He was elected to the French Academy in 2003. Among his several published works are Démocratie française (1976; French Democracy) and two volumes of memoirs.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry — (1926 )    statesman    The president of France (1974 to 1981) who continued the conservative policies of his predecessors in the Fifth Republic, valéry Giscard d Estaing was born in Koblenz, Germany, and educated at the École polytechnique and… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry — (n. 2 feb. 1926, Coblenza, Alemania). Líder político francés y tercer presidente de la Quinta República (1974–81). Fue elegido para integrar la Asamblea Nacional en 1956. Fue ministro de finanzas de Charles de Gaulle (1962–66) y de Georges… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giscard D’Estaing, Valéry — ► (n. 1926) Político francés. Fue tercer presidente de la V República (1974 81) y creador de la Federación de Republicanos Independientes. A mediados de la década de 1980 ocupó diversos puestos políticos. En 1988 asumió la presidencia de la Unión …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giscard D’Estaing — Giscard D’Estaing, Valéry …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giscard d'Estaing — Valéry Giscard d Estaing Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Giscard d Estaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valery Giscard d'Estaing — Valéry Giscard d Estaing Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Giscard d Estaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valéry Giscard-d'Estaing — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Giscard d Estaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valéry Giscard d’Estaing — Valéry Giscard d Estaing Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Giscard d Estaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giscard d'Estaing — Giscard d’Estaing 1978 Valéry Marie René Giscard d’Estaing [valeˈʀi ʒisˌkaʀdɛsˈtɛ̃], im Französischen oft auch kurz VGE genannt, (* 2. Februar 1926 in Koblenz) ist ein französischer Politiker der bürgerlich liberalen Partei UDF. Von 19 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valery Giscard d'Estaing — Giscard d’Estaing 1978 Valéry Marie René Giscard d’Estaing [valeˈʀi ʒisˌkaʀdɛsˈtɛ̃], im Französischen oft auch kurz VGE genannt, (* 2. Februar 1926 in Koblenz) ist ein französischer Politiker der bürgerlich liberalen Partei UDF. Von 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia