rocaille


rocaille
/roh kuy"/; Fr. /rddaw kah"yeu/, n.
Fine Arts. any of the fantastic ornamental, often asymmetrical, combinations characteristic of the Rococo period, consisting of rock, shell, and plant forms combined with artificial forms, esp C-curves.
[1855-60; < F: pebble-work, deriv. of roc ROCK1]

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(French; rock work)

In Western architecture and decorative arts, an 18th-century style featuring elaborately stylized shell-like, rocklike, flower, fern, and scroll motifs.

Originally designating the fanciful shellwork of artificial grottoes, rocaille came to be synonymous with Louis XV style. It is most often found in small pieces of furniture and such personal articles as snuffboxes. The term "Rococo" combines "rocaille" and "barocco" (Baroque).

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      in Western architecture and decorative arts, 18th-century style featuring elaborately stylized shell-like, rocklike, and scroll motifs. Rocaille is one of the more prominent aspects of the Rococo style of architecture and decoration that developed in France during the reign of King Louis XV (Louis XV style) (1715–74). The Rocaille style has been defined as a reaction both to the classic rigidity of the waning Baroque style and to the new interest in nature and the natural sciences. In French, rocaille means “rubble,” or “pebbles,” and style rocaille is synonymous with Rococo.

      Rocaille is most often found in small pieces of furniture and household articles, especially in such personal items as snuffboxes and hand mirrors. In wall decorations of wood or plaster, rocaille features shells, pebbles, and scrolls as well as flower, fern, and coral forms, all emphasizing brief, asymmetric single or double curves. Originally the term was confined to the fanciful pierced shellwork of artificial grottoes in late Renaissance gardens.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rocaille — [ rɔkaj ] n. f. et adj. inv. • 1658; roquailles XVe; de roc 1 ♦ Ensemble des pierres qui jonchent le sol; terrain plein de pierres. ⇒ caillasse, pierraille. Rien ne pousse dans cette rocaille. 2 ♦ (1636) Ensemble de pierres cimentées utilisées… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • rocaille — adj.n. (În sintagma) Stil rocaille = gen de ornamentaţie apărut în arta franceză din timpul domniei lui Ludovic al XV lea, caracterizat prin fantezia contururilor răsucite şi prin imitarea unor elemente naturale (grote, stânci, roci). [pr.:… …   Dicționar Român

  • rocaille — Rocaille. s. f. Petits cailloux, coquillages & autres choses qui servent à orner une grotte, à faire des rochers, &c. Grote de rocaille. masque de rocaille …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Rocaille — Rocaille. Zur Zeit, als es zum guten Ton gehörte, die Gärten mit regelrechten, grünen Wänden und die Parks mit Pagoden und chinesischen Tempeln zu schmücken, die in Figuren angelegten Beete durch Gänge von Porzellantäfelchen zu trennen und die… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • rocaille — s. m. 1. Obra ornamental que imita as rochas e as pedras da natureza. 2. estilo rocaille: estilo em voga, em França, no reinado de Luís XV, caracterizado pela fantasia de linhas contornadas e de ornamentos representando grutas, rochas e conchas.… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Rocaille — Ro caille , n. [F. Cf. {Rock} a stone.] (Art) (a) Artificial rockwork made of rough stones and cement, as for gardens. (b) The rococo system of scroll ornament, based in part on the forms of shells and water worn rocks. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rocaille — (fr., spr. Rokalj), 1) Grottenwerk von Muscheln, Korallen, Steinen u. dgl.; daher Rocailleur (spr. Rokatijör), Grottenkünstler; 2) Art kleine Glasperlen od. Korallen von geschliffenen Steinen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rocaille — (franz., spr. káj ), Grottenwerk von Muscheln, Korallen, Steinen etc.; auch das charakteristische Zierwerk des Rokoko (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rocaille — (frz., spr. káj), Grottenwerk, Grottenarbeit von Muscheln, Korallen, Steinen etc. Rocaillefluß, in der Porzellanmalerei Schmelzmittel für einzubrennende Farben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rocaille — Rocaille, frz., Grottenarbeit aus Muscheln, Korallen, Steinen etc.; kleine Glasperlen von geschliffenen Steinen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • rocaille — DEFINICIJA v. rokaj …   Hrvatski jezični portal


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