- Robin Hood
a legendary English outlaw of the 12th century, hero of many ballads, who robbed the rich to give to the poor: a popular model of courage, generosity and justice, as well as of skill in archery, he lived and presided over his band of followers chiefly in Sherwood Forest.
* * *Legendary English outlaw.The hero of ballads dating from as early as the 14th century, Robin Hood was a rebel who robbed and killed landowners and government officials and gave his gains to the poor. He treated women and common people with courtesy, and he ignored the laws of the forest that restricted hunting rights. His greatest enemy was the sheriff of Nottingham. The ballads emerged during a time of agrarian unrest that culminated in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. There is no evidence of Robin Hood's historical existence, though later tradition places him in the reign of King John. In postmedieval ballads and stories he was a nobleman who took refuge in Sherwood Forest after losing his lands. His men included Little John and Friar Tuck; his beloved was Maid Marion.
* * *▪ legendary herolegendary outlaw hero of a series of English ballads, some of which date from at least as early as the 14th century. Robin Hood was a rebel, and many of the most striking episodes in the tales about him show him and his companions robbing and killing representatives of authority and giving the gains to the poor. Their most frequent enemy was the Sheriff of Nottingham, a local agent of the central government (though internal evidence from the early ballads makes it clear that the action took place chiefly in south Yorkshire, not in Nottinghamshire). Other enemies included wealthy ecclesiastical landowners. Robin treated women, the poor, and people of humble status with courtesy. A good deal of the impetus for his revolt against authority stemmed from popular resentment over those laws of the forest that restricted hunting rights. The early ballads, especially, reveal the cruelty that was an inescapable part of medieval life.Numerous attempts have been made to prove that there was a historical Robin Hood, though references to the legend by medieval writers make it clear that the ballads themselves were the only evidence for his existence available to them. A popular modern belief that he was of the time of Richard I probably stems from a “pedigree” fabricated by an 18th-century antiquary, William Stukeley. None of the various claims identifying Robin Hood with a particular historical figure has gained much support, and the outlaw's existence may never have been anything but legendary.The authentic Robin Hood ballads were the poetic expression of popular aspirations in the north of England during a turbulent era of baronial rebellions and agrarian discontent, which culminated in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. The theme of the free but persecuted outlaw enjoying the forbidden hunting of the forest and outwitting or killing the forces of law and order naturally appealed to the common people.Although many of the best-known Robin Hood ballads are postmedieval, there is a core that can be confidently attributed to the medieval period. These are Robin Hood and the Monk, Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne, Robin Hood and the Potter, and the Lytyll Geste of Robin Hode. During the 16th century and later, the essential character of the legend was distorted by a suggestion that Robin was a fallen nobleman, and playwrights, eagerly adopting this new element, increased the romantic appeal of the stories but deprived them of their social bite. Postmedieval ballads (which gave Robin a companion, Maid Marian) also lost most of their vitality and poetic value, doubtless as a result of losing the original social impulse that brought them into existence.
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Robin Hood — is an archetypal figure in English folklore, whose story originates from medieval times but who remains significant in popular culture where he is painted as a man known for robbing the rich to give to the poor and fighting against injustice and… … Wikipedia
Robin Hood — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Robin Hood (desambiguación). Estatua de Robin Hood en el Memorial de Nottingham. Robin Hood es un arquetípico héroe del folclore inglés … Wikipedia Español
Robin Hood — es un personaje legendario evocado en baladas medievales inglesas que forman un cuerpo de unas treinta. En algunas de ellas se basó el escritor e ilustrador estadounidense Howard Pyle (1853 1911) para escribir e ilustrar Las alegres aventuras de… … Enciclopedia Universal
Robin Hood — in old English stories, a man who lived as an ↑outlaw (=someone who does not obey the law and is hiding from the authorities) in Sherwood Forest in central England, with his followers, known as his Merry Men . These include Friar Tuck, Little… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Robin Hood — (spr. robbin hudd), der Held einer Reihe altenglischer Volksballaden, war der Sage nach ein Earl of Huntingdon, der unter Richard I. (gest. 1199) als Geächteter mit seinen Getreuen im Walde von Sherwood lebte, den Armen und Bedrückten gegen ihre… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Robin Hood — [ rɔbɪn hʊd], Held vieler englischer Volksballaden des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts; charakterisiert als ausgezeichneter Bogenschütze, der als Vogelfreier und edel gesinnter Anführer einer Schar von Getreuen (darunter Little John, Friar Tuck und… … Universal-Lexikon
Robin Hood — (izg. ròbin hȗd) DEFINICIJA knjiž. legendarni engleski odmetnik koji je pljačkao bogate i davao siromašnima; vrstan strijelac i uzor hrabrosti, velikodušnosti i pravednosti; prema jednoj od raznih verzija bio je plemić iz doba kralja Rikarda… … Hrvatski jezični portal
Robin Hood — (spr. hudd), engl. Volksheld zur Zeit Richards I. oder Eduards III., hauste als Räuber im Wald von Sherwood; die Balladen über ihn hg. von Gutch (1847; deutsch von Anastasius Grün, 1864) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Robin Hood — a character in old English stories who lives in a forest with a group of friends and steals money from rich people in order to give it to poor people … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Robin Hood — n. Eng. Legend a 12th cent. outlaw who lived with his followers in Sherwood Forest and robbed the rich to help the poor … English World dictionary
Robin Hood — With the possible exception of King ARTHUR, Robin Hood remains the most popular character from medieval English literature. Originally a mythological character connected with pre Christian nature rites and folk dramas, the name became attached … Encyclopedia of medieval literature