Reuters


Reuters
/roy"teuhrz/, n.
a publicly owned international news and information company established in London, 1851.

* * *

British cooperative news agency.

Founded in 1851 by Paul Julius Reuter, it was initially concerned with commercial news but began to serve a growing newspaper clientele after the London Morning Advertiser subscribed in 1858. After a period of competition, Reuters and two rival agencies agreed on a division of territory and for many years held a virtual monopoly on world press services. The company remained in private hands until 1925, when its structure began moving toward a cooperative of British and Australasian press interests. By the late 20th century Reuters was a world leader in business and financial market coverage. In 1984 it became a public company under the name Reuters Group PLC.

* * *

in full  Thomson Reuters 

      news agency founded in Britain in 1851 that became one of the leading newswire services in the world. Its headquarters are in New York City.

      The agency was established by Paul Julius Reuter (Reuter, Paul Julius, Baron von), a former bank clerk who in 1847 became a partner in Reuter and Stargardt, a Berlin book-publishing firm. The firm distributed radical pamphlets at the beginning of the Revolutions of 1848 (1848, Revolutions of), which may have brought official scrutiny on Reuter. Later that year he left for Paris, where he worked for a short time as a translator. In 1849 he initiated a prototype news service (news agency), using electric telegraphy as well as carrier pigeons in his network. Upon moving to England, he launched Reuter's Telegram Company two years later. The company was concerned with commercial news service at its inception and had headquarters in London serving banks, brokerage houses, and leading business firms. The agency expanded steadily, and in 1858 its first newspaper client, the London Morning Advertiser, subscribed. Newspapers bulked ever larger in the Reuters clientele thereafter. The value of Reuters to newspapers lay not only in the financial news it provided but in its ability to be the first to report on stories of international importance, as when the service broke the news of the assassination of U.S. Pres. Abraham Lincoln hours before its competitors.

      Reuter saw the possibilities of the telegraph for news reporting and built up an organization that maintained correspondents throughout the world. The Press Association (PA), an organization representing the provincial press of Great Britain, acquired a majority interest in Reuters in 1925 and full ownership some years later. In 1941 the PA sold half of Reuters to the Newspaper Proprietors' Association, representing Britain's national press, and in 1947 co-ownership was extended to associations representing the daily newspapers of Australia and New Zealand. Reuters had become one of the world's major news agencies, supplying both text and images to newspapers, other news agencies, and radio and television broadcasters. Directly or through national news agencies, it provided service to most countries, reaching virtually all of the world's leading newspapers and many thousands of smaller ones.

      In the 1960s Reuters became one of the first news agencies to use computers to transmit financial data overseas, and in 1973 it began making computer-terminal displays of foreign-exchange rates available to clients. In 1981 Reuters began providing the capacity to make electronic transactions over its network, and it went on to develop a wide array of electronic trading and brokering services. In 1984 Reuters became a publicly listed company on the London Stock Exchange. In 2008 it merged with Canadian electronic publisher Thomson Corporation to form Thomson Reuters, though in its reporting capacity the company was still commonly referred to as Reuters. In addition to maintaining its traditional news-agency business, Reuters is now a major provider of financial information, both historical and current, to businesses, governments, and individuals worldwide.

Additional Reading
Donald Read, The Power of News: The History of Reuters, 1849–1989 (1992).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reuters — Data Centre, à Londres Reuters est une Agence de presse mondiale et généraliste, fondée en 1851 à Londres. Près de 2500 journalistes, rédacteurs, photographes et caméramans travaillent pour Reuters dans 150 pays à travers le monde. Mais c est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reuters — Group plc Rechtsform Public Limited Company Gründung Oktober 1851 Auflösung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuters — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Reuters Industria Comunicación Beneficio neto 227 millones de euros …   Wikipedia Español

  • Reuters — news service begun in London 1851 by Baron Paul Julius von Reuter (1816 1899), founder of a telegraph office and pigeon post bureau in Aachen in 1849 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Reuters — (Рейтерс) Reuters это одно из самых больших информационных агентств мира Информационное агенство Reuters: история агенства, деятельность агенства, сайт Reuters в интернете Содержание >>>>>>>>>>>> …   Энциклопедия инвестора

  • Reuters — This article is primarily about Reuters prior to its 2008 merger with Thomson. For it s new parent company, see Thomson Reuters. Infobox Company company name = Reuters Group Limited company company type = Subsidiary foundation = October 1851… …   Wikipedia

  • Reuters —    The biggest news agency in the world, Reuters had a turnover of £2,914m in 1995. The largest part of Reuters’ earnings comes from the sale of financial information, which reflects the entrepreneurial genius of its founder Paul Julius Reuter… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Reuters — Agencia de noticias cooperativa inglesa. Fundada en 1851 por Paul Julius Reuter, se dedico en un principio a las noticias comerciales, pero comenzó a tener como clientes a un número creciente de periódicos, luego de que el Morning Advertiser de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reuters — /roy teuhrz/, n. a publicly owned international news and information company established in London, 1851. * * * Reuters [Reuters] a British company which employs journalists all over the world and sells news to newspapers, television and radio.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Reuters — A global information provider headquartered in London, England, and serving professionals in the financial services, media and corporate markets. The news agency provides text, graphics, video and pictures to subscribers around the world,… …   Investment dictionary