resurrection


resurrection
resurrectional, adj.resurrective, adj.
/rez'euh rek"sheuhn/, n.
1. the act of rising from the dead.
2. (cap.) the rising of Christ after His death and burial.
3. (cap.) the rising of the dead on Judgment Day.
4. the state of those risen from the dead.
5. a rising again, as from decay, disuse, etc.; revival.
6. Christian Science. a rising above mortality through the understanding of spiritual life as demonstrated by Jesus Christ.
[1250-1300; ME ( < OF) < L resurrection- (s. of resurrectio) the Easter church-festival, equiv. to resurrect(us) (ptp. of resurgere to rise again; see RESURGE) + -ion- -ION]

* * *

      the rising from the dead of a divine or human being who still retains his own personhood, or individuality, though the body may or may not be changed. The belief in the resurrection of the body is usually associated with Christianity, because of the doctrine of the Resurrection of Christ, but it also is associated with later Judaism, which provided basic ideas that were expanded in Christianity and Islām.

      Ancient Middle Eastern religious thought provided a background for belief in the resurrection of a divine being (e.g., the Babylonian vegetation god Tammuz), but belief in personal resurrection of humans was unknown. In Greco-Roman religious thought there was a belief in the immortality of the soul, but not in the resurrection of the body. Symbolic resurrection, or rebirth of the spirit, occurred in the Hellenistic mystery religions, such as the religion of the goddess Isis, but postmortem corporeal resurrection was not recognized.

      The expectation of the resurrection of the dead is found in several Old Testament works. In the Book of Ezekiel (Ezekiel, The Book of), there is an anticipation that the righteous Israelites will rise from the dead. The Book of Daniel (Daniel, The Book of) further developed the hope of resurrection with both the righteous and unrighteous Israelites being raised from the dead, after which will occur a judgment, with the righteous participating in an eternal messianic kingdom and the unrighteous being excluded. In some intertestamental literature, such as The Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch, there is an expectation of a universal resurrection at the advent of the Messiah.

      The Resurrection of Christ, a central doctrine of Christianity, is based on the belief that Jesus Christ was raised from the dead on the third day after his Crucifixion and that through his conquering of death all believers will subsequently share in his victory over “sin, death, and the devil.” The celebration of this event, called Easter, or the Festival of the Resurrection, is the major feast day of the church. The accounts of the Resurrection of Jesus are found in the four Gospels—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John—and various theological expressions of the early church's universal conviction and consensus that Christ rose from the dead are found throughout the rest of the New Testament, especially in the letters of the Apostle Paul (e.g., 1 Cor. 15).

      According to the Gospel accounts, certain woman disciples went to the tomb of Jesus, which was located in the garden of Joseph of Arimathea, a member of the Sanhedrin (the supreme Jewish religious court) and a secret disciple of Jesus. They found the stone sealing the tomb moved and the tomb empty, and they informed Peter and other disciples that the body of Jesus was not there. Later, various disciples saw Jesus in Jerusalem, even entering a room that was locked; he was also seen in Galilee. (Accounts of the locations and occasions of the appearances differ in various Gospels.) Other than such appearances noted in the Gospels, the account of the resurrected Lord's walking the Earth for 40 days and subsequently ascending into heaven is found only in the book of the Acts of the Apostles (Acts of the Apostles, The).

       Islām also teaches a doctrine of the resurrection. First, at Doomsday, all men will die and then be raised from the dead. Second, each person will be judged according to the record of his life that is kept in two books, one listing the good deeds, the other the evil deeds. After the Judgment the unbelievers will be placed in hell and the faithful Muslims will go to paradise, a place of happiness and bliss.

       Zoroastrianism holds a belief in a final overthrow of Evil, a general resurrection, a Last Judgment, and the restoration of a cleansed world to the righteous.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • résurrection — [ rezyrɛksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1190; resurreccium « le fait de se lever de son siège » v. 1120; lat. resurrectio, de resurgere « se relever » 1 ♦ Action de ressusciter, retour de la mort à la vie. « L idée de mort et de résurrection se retrouve chez… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • RESURRECTION — (Heb. תְּחִיַּת הַמֵּתִים), the belief that ultimately the dead will be revived in their bodies and live again on earth. Resurrection is to be distinguished from the belief in some sort of personal existence in another realm after death (see… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Resurrection — Résurrection (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. En mythologie et dans la religion, la résurrection est le retour de la mort à la vie. Dans la religion catholique, le terme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Resurrection — Res ur*rec tion, n. [F. r[ e]surrection, L. resurrectio, fr. resurgere, resurrectum, to rise again; pref. re re + surgere to rise. See {Source}.] 1. A rising again; the resumption of vigor. [1913 Webster] 2. Especially, the rising again from the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Resurrection — (engl.: Auferstehung) bezeichnet Resurrection (Band), eine US amerikanische Musikband Resurrection Band, eine US amerikanische Rock Band den Originaltitel eines US amerikanischen Films aus dem Jahr 1980, siehe Der starke Wille Resurrection – Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Resurrection — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Resurrection Álbum de estudio de Venom Publicación 25 de abril del 2000 Grabación Karo Musik Studios, Hamburgo, Alemania …   Wikipedia Español

  • Resurrection — Resurrection  рус. воскрешение: Resurrection  вымышленный мир, придуманный Патом Миллсом, в котором происходят события графических новелл Requiem Chevalier Vampire и Claudia Chevalier Vampire. Первое название группы The Orphaned Land.… …   Википедия

  • resurrection — Resurrection. s. f. Retour de la mort à la vie. La resurrection de N. S. la resurrection du Lazare, la resurrection des Morts …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • resurrection — (n.) late 13c., from Anglo Fr. resurrectiun, O.Fr. resurrection, from L.L. resurrectionem (nom. resurrectio) a rising again from the dead, from pp. stem of L. resurgere rise again (see RESURGENT (Cf. resurgent)). Replaced O.E. æriste. Originally… …   Etymology dictionary

  • resurrection — [rez΄ə rek′shən] n. [ME resurreccion < OFr resurrection < LL(Ec) resurrectio < L resurrectus, pp. of resurgere: see RESURGE] 1. a) a rising from the dead, or coming back to life b) the state of having risen from the dead 2. a coming back …   English World dictionary

  • resurrection — ► NOUN 1) the action of resurrecting or the fact of being resurrected. 2) (the Resurrection) (in Christian belief) Christ s rising from the dead. ORIGIN Latin, from resurgere rise again …   English terms dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.