republic


republic
/ri pub"lik/, n.
1. a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.
2. any body of persons viewed as a commonwealth.
3. a state in which the head of government is not a monarch or other hereditary head of state.
4. (cap.) any of the five periods of republican government in France. Cf. First Republic, Second Republic, Third Republic, Fourth Republic, Fifth Republic.
5. (cap., italics.) a philosophical dialogue (4th century B.C.) by Plato dealing with the composition and structure of the ideal state.
[1595-1605; < F république, MF < L res publica, equiv. to res thing, entity + publica PUBLIC]

* * *

I
Form of government in which a state is ruled by representatives elected by its populace.

The term was originally applied to a form of government in which the leader is periodically appointed under a constitution; it was contrasted with governments in which leadership is hereditary. A republic may also be distinguished from direct democracy, though modern representative democracies are by and large republics.
II
(as used in expressions)
Republic of Albania
Peoples Democratic Republic of Algeria
Republic of Angola
Argentine Republic
Republic of Armenia
Republic of Austria
Republic of Azerbaijan
People's Republic of Bangladesh
Republic of Benin
Republic of Bolivia
Republic of Botswana
Republic of Bulgaria
Republic of Burundi
Republic of Cameroon
Republic of Chile
People's Republic of China
Republic of Colombia
Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros
Republic of Croatia
Republic of Cuba
Republic of Cyprus
Republic of Ecuador
Republic of Estonia
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Republic of Fiji
Republic of Finland
French Republic
Gabonese Republic
Republic of Georgia
Republic of Ghana
Hellenic Republic
Republic of Guatemala
Republic of Guinea
Co operative Republic of Guyana
Republic of Haiti
Republic of Honduras
Republic of Hungary
Republic of Iceland
Republic of India
Republic of Indonesia
Islamic Republic of Iran
Republic of Iraq
Italian Republic
Republic of Kazakhstan
Republic of Kenya
Republic of Kiribati
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Republic of Latvia
Republic of Lebanon
Republic of Liberia
Republic of Lithuania
Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Madagascar
Republic of Malawi
Republic of Maldives
Republic of Mali
Republic of Mauritius
Republic of Moldova
Republic of Mozambique
Republic of Namibia
Republic of Nauru
Republic of Nicaragua
Republic of Niger
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Republic of Palau
Republic of Panama
Republic of Paraguay
Republic of Peru
Republic of the Philippines
Republic of Poland
Portuguese Republic
Republic of Rwanda
Republic of Senegal
Republic of Seychelles
Republic of Singapore
Slovak Republic
Republic of Slovenia
Republic of Suriname
Syrian Arab Republic
Republic of Tajikistan
United Republic of Tanzania
Republic of Togo
Republic of Tunisia
Republic of Turkey
Republic of Uganda
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Republic of Uzbekistan
Republic of Vanuatu
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Republic of Yemen
Republic of Zambia
Republic of Zimbabwe
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republic of Cape Verde
Congo Republic of the
Republic of Costa Rica
Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
Republic of the United Netherlands
Democratic Republic of East Timor
Republic of El Salvador
Republic of the Gambia
Republic of Guinea Bissau
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of the Marshall Islands
New Republic The
Republic of San Marino
Republic of Sierra Leone
South Africa Republic of
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Republic of the Sudan
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Congo Democratic Republic of the
Republic of Zaire
Republic of Djibouti
Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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