recognition


recognition
recognitional, adj.recognitive /ri kog"ni tiv/, recognitory /ri kog"ni tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj.
/rek'euhg nish"euhn/, n.
1. an act of recognizing or the state of being recognized.
2. the identification of something as having been previously seen, heard, known, etc.
3. the perception of something as existing or true; realization.
4. the acknowledgment of something as valid or as entitled to consideration: the recognition of a claim.
5. the acknowledgment of achievement, service, merit, etc.
6. the expression of this in the form of some token of appreciation: This promotion constitutes our recognition of her exceptional ability.
7. formal acknowledgment conveying approval or sanction.
8. acknowledgment of right to be heard or given attention: The chairman refused recognition to any delegate until order could be restored.
9. Internat. Law. an official act by which one state acknowledges the existence of another state or government, or of belligerency or insurgency.
10. the automated conversion of information, as words or images, into a form that can be processed by a machine, esp. a computer or computerized device. Cf. optical character recognition, pattern recognition.
11. Biochem. the responsiveness of one substance to another based on the reciprocal fit of a portion of their molecular shapes.
[1425-75; late ME recognicion ( < OF) < L recognition- (s. of recognitio), equiv. to recognit(us) (ptp. of recognoscere; see RECOGNIZE) + -ion- -ION]
Syn. 5. notice, acceptance.

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(as used in expressions)

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memory
      in psychology, a form of remembering characterized by a feeling of familiarity when something previously experienced is again encountered; in such situations a correct response can be identified when presented but may not be reproduced in the absence of such a stimulus. Recognizing a familiar face without being able to recall the person's name is a common example. Recognition seems to indicate selective retention and forgetting of certain elements of experience. Controlled tests of recognition have been used by experimental psychologists (experimental psychology) since the late 19th century to give insight into the processes of human memory. Compare recall.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • Recognition — (re+cognition) is a process that occurs in thinking when some event, process, pattern, or object recurrs . Thus in order for something to be recognized, it must be familiar. This recurrence allows the recognizer to more properly react, survival… …   Wikipedia

  • récognition — [ rekɔgnisjɔ̃; rekɔɲisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1842; « examen » 1771; « confession » 1430; lat. recognitio « revue, inspection » ♦ Philos. Acte de l esprit qui reconnaît (une chose) en identifiant. ● recognition nom féminin Littéraire. Reconnaissance,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • recognition — rec·og·ni·tion /ˌre kəg ni shən/ n 1: the act, process, or fact of recognizing 2: the state of being recognized Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Recognition — Rec og*ni tion (r[e^]k [o^]g*n[i^]sh [u^]n), n. [L. recognitio: cf. F. recognition. See {Recognizance}.] The act of recognizing, or the state of being recognized; acknowledgment; formal avowal; knowledge confessed or avowed; notice. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • recognition — recognition; un·recognition; …   English syllables

  • recognition — [n1] identification, acknowledgment acceptance, acknowledging, admission, allowance, apperception, appreciation, apprehending, assimilation, avowal, awareness, cognizance, concession, confession, consciousness, detection, discovery, double take* …   New thesaurus

  • recognition — ► NOUN 1) the action of recognizing or the process of being recognized. 2) appreciation or acknowledgement. 3) (also diplomatic recognition) formal acknowledgement by a country that another political entity fulfils the conditions of statehood …   English terms dictionary

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  • Recognition — (v. lat.), 1) Wiedererkennung, Anerkennung; 2) die vor Gericht od. einem Notar geschehene Anerkennung einer Sache od. Person für dasjenige, für was sie ausgegeben worden ist; im Civilproceß bes. von der Anerkennung von Urkunden gebraucht, s. u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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