recidivism


recidivism
recidivist, n., adj.recidivistic, recidivous, adj.
/ri sid"euh viz'euhm/, n.
1. repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime.
2. Psychiatry. the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns.
[1885-90; < L recidiv(us) relapsing (recid(ere) to fall back (re- RE- + -cidere, comb. form of cadere to fall) + -ivus -IVE) + -ISM]

* * *

      tendency toward chronic criminal behaviour leading to numerous arrests and re-imprisonment. Studies of the yearly intake of prisons, reformatories, and jails in the United States and Europe show that from one-half to two-thirds of those imprisoned have served previous sentences in the same or in other institutions. The conclusion is that the criminal population is made up largely of those for whom criminal behaviour has become habitual; moreover, penal institutions appear to do little to change their basic behaviour patterns.

      Though the percentage of recidivists runs high for all offenders, it is greatest among those convicted of such minor charges as vagrancy, drunkenness, prostitution, and disturbing the peace. These are more likely than serious criminal charges to result from, and to be bound up in, an entire way of life. Accordingly, their root causes are rarely susceptible to cure by jailing.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Recidivism — (IPA: /ɹɪˈsɪdɪvɪzm̩/. From recidive + ism , from Latin recidīvus recurring , from re back + cadō I fall ) is the act of a person repeating an undesirable behavior after they have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior, or have… …   Wikipedia

  • recidivism — re·cid·i·vism /ri si də ˌvi zəm/ n: relapse into criminal behavior Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. recidivism …   Law dictionary

  • Recidivism — Re*cid i*vism (r[ e]*s[i^]d [i^]*v[i^]z m), n. The state or quality of being recidivous; relapse, specif. (Criminology), a falling back or relapse into prior criminal habits, esp. after conviction and punishment. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] The old… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • recidivism — recidivísm s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic …   Dicționar Român

  • recidivism — (n.) 1882, from RECIDIVIST (Cf. recidivist) + ISM (Cf. ism) …   Etymology dictionary

  • recidivism — [ri sid′ə viz΄əm] n. [< L recidivus < recidere, to fall back < re , back + cadere, to fall (see CASE1) + ISM] habitual or chronic relapse, or tendency to relapse, esp. into crime or antisocial behavior recidivist n., adj. recidivistic… …   English World dictionary

  • recidivism — recidivist, recidivism Any person who is convicted of a crime on more than one occasion; a person who re offends. Recidivism is usually measured in relation to the type of last sentence or last offence, as percentages re offending, or reconvicted …   Dictionary of sociology

  • recidivism — noun a) Committing new offenses after being punished for a crime. The increase in criminal activity was attributed to recidivism. b) Chronic repetition of criminal or other antisocial behavior. See Also: recidivate …   Wiktionary

  • recidivism — The tendency of an individual toward recidivation. [L. recidivus, recurring] * * * re·cid·i·vism ri sid ə .viz əm n a tendency to relapse into a previous condition or mode of behavior <high recidivism rates after cessation of smoking (A. E.… …   Medical dictionary

  • recidivism — noun Recidivism is used before these nouns: ↑rate …   Collocations dictionary

  • recidivism — recidivist ► NOUN ▪ a convicted criminal who reoffends. DERIVATIVES recidivism noun. ORIGIN French récidiviste, from Latin recidere fall back …   English terms dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.