Rarotonga

Rarotonga
Rarotongan, adj., n.
/rar'euh tong"geuh/, n.
one of the Cook Islands, in the S Pacific, 11,433; 26 sq. mi. (67 sq. km).

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      largest island in the southern group of the Cook Islands, in the South Pacific Ocean, about 2,100 miles (3,400 km) northeast of New Zealand. Volcanic in origin, it has a rugged interior rising to 2,139 feet (652 metres) at Te Manga. Surrounding its mountainous core is a plain, an ancient raised fringing coral reef covered with sediment. The island itself is fringed by a coral reef.

      Visited in 1789 by mutineers from the British ship HMS Bounty, Rarotonga bears marks of a long period of habitation, including marae, or temple platforms, in the valley traversed by Tupapa Stream. The Ara Metua, an ancient pathway, circles the island inland from a paved coastal road. Rarotonga was the base from which John Williams of the London Missionary Society (who arrived in 1823) sought to Christianize the islands.

      Avarua is the seat of administration for the Cook Islands and the location of a major port. Absence of a suitable lagoon once forced oceangoing ships to lie off the reef and move cargoes ashore via lighters. However, the harbour at Avatiu, to the west of Avarua, has been dredged, and sizable vessels now tie up at the wharf there. Rarotonga is the entry point for the Cook Islands by air. Rarotonga's economy is based on citrus fruits, pineapples, coconuts, bananas, and light industry. The tourist industry has become a major component of the economy since the introduction of international air service in 1973. The island has a hospital, Tereora College (a secondary school), and a teacher-training college at Nikao. Area 25.9 square miles (67.1 square km). Pop. (2006 prelim.) 14,153.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

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  • Rarotonga — Tumutevarovaro Carte de Rarotonga. Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rarotonga — is the most populous island in a group of islands known as the Cook Islands, with a population of 14,153 (census 2006).Cook Islands Parliament buildings, as well as the international airport, are located on Rarotonga. Because it is the most… …   Wikipedia

  • Rarotonga — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rarotonga Localización País Estado asociado con Nueva Zelanda …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rarotonga — Rarotonga, die größte Insel des Cooksarchipels (südöstliches Polynesien), gebirgig, von vulkanischer Natur, mit breiten, fruchtbaren, gut bewässerten Küstenebenen, im Innern unbewohnt; 7000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rarotonga — Rarotonga, die größte der Cooks (Hervey ) Inseln (s. d.). 81 qkm große, bis zu 890 m hohe fruchtbare Insel, wird von 2454 Polynesiern und einer Anzahl von Europäern bewohnt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rarotonga — Rarotonga, Hauptinsel des Cookarchipels (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rarotonga — es la isla más poblada de las Islas Cook, tiene 9.500 habitantes. La isla principal, Avarua, es el centro administrativo de las Islas Cook …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rarotonga — [rä΄rō tôŋ′gə] largest of the Cook Islands, in the South Pacific: 26 sq mi (67 sq km); pop. 10,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Rarotonga — Rarotọnga,   die bedeutendste der Cookinseln im Südwestpazifik, 67 km2, 9 700 Einwohner; vulkanischen Ursprungs, bis 653 m über dem Meeresspiegel, von einem Korallenriff umgeben, mit dem Verwaltungssitz der Cookinseln, Avarua; Obst und Gemüsebau …   Universal-Lexikon


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