Queens


Queens
/kweenz/, n.
a borough of E New York City, on Long Island. 1,891,325; 113.1 sq. mi. (295 sq. km).

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Borough (pop., 2000: 2,229,379) of New York City, coextensive with Queens county, southeastern New York, U.S. The largest of the five boroughs, it lies on western Long Island and extends across the width of the island from the junction of the East River and Long Island Sound to the Atlantic Ocean.

The first settlements, made by the Dutch 1636–56, came under English control in 1664. It became a county in 1683 and a borough in 1898. Queens was primarily rural during the 19th century, but some of its shore communities began attracting summer vacationers. Development was spurred by the construction of the Queensboro Bridge and the Long Island Railroad tunnel. It is mostly residential, though it has extensive manufacturing around Long Island City and storage and shipping facilities lining the East River. It is the site of New York City's major airports, Kennedy and La Guardia.

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      largest of the five boroughs of New York City, coextensive with Queens county, southeastern New York, U.S. The borough lies on western Long Island and extends across the width of the island from the junction of the East River and Long Island Sound to the Atlantic Ocean. The first settlement there was made by the Dutch in 1636 near Flushing Bay, followed by the establishment of Newtown (1642), Far Rockaway (1644), Flushing (1645), and Jamaica (1656). These settlements came under English control in 1664, when Peter Stuyvesant surrendered to an English force acting for the Duke of York. In 1683 Queens county was established as one of the 12 counties of the province of New York and was named to honour the queen consort of Charles II, Catherine of Braganza.

      Queens was primarily rural during the 19th century, but some of its shore communities began attracting summer vacationists. In 1898 Queens borough became part of Greater New York and at the same time assumed its present size when the towns of Hempstead, North Hempstead, and Oyster Bay opposed joining New York City and were chartered within Nassau county. Construction of the Queensboro Bridge (1909) and the Long Island Rail Road Tunnel (1910) spurred the borough's development.

      Queens is mostly residential, though it has extensive manufacturing around Long Island City and storage and shipping facilities lining the East River. New York City's John F. Kennedy International and La Guardia airports are in the borough, as are several branches of the City University of New York and the main campus of St. John's University, New York. Area 121 square miles (313 square km). Pop. (1990) 1,951,598.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Queens — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Condado de Queens dentro del Estado de Nueva York, en rojo …   Wikipedia Español

  • QUEENS — Le plus étendu des districts urbains de la «City of New York». Développé au sein du secteur occidental de Long Island, entre Brooklyn et les suburbs résidentiels de l’est, Suffolk et Nassau, le district de Queens était faiblement occupé à la fin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Queens — Queens, coextensivo con el Condado del mismo nombre, es un municipio (borough) de la ciudad de Nueva York en el estado americano de Nueva York, nombrado en honor de la reina Caterina de Braganza, la mujer portuguesa del rey Carlos II de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • queens — queens·land; queens·land·er; queens; …   English syllables

  • Queens — (spr. Kwihns), 1) (Queenscounty), Grafschaft in der irischen Provinz Leinster, 28,2 QM.; Beschäftigung: Ackerbau, Viehzucht, Leinweberei; die Eisenbahn von Dublin nach Cork u. die Zweigbahn nach Waterford durchschneiden die Grafschaft.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Queens — (engl., spr. kwīns), weiche Biskuits (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Queens —   [kwiːnz], Stadtbezirk von New York …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Queens — one of the five ↑boroughs of New York City, at the western end of Long Island, where a lot of poorer people live …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Queens — New York City borough, named for Catherine of Braganza, queen of English King Charles II …   Etymology dictionary

  • Queens — [kwēnz] [after Queen Catherine, wife of CHARLES II of England] borough of New York City, on W Long Island, east of Brooklyn: pop. 2,229,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Queens — 40° 42′ 15″ N 73° 55′ 04″ W / 40.70416667, 73.91777778 …   Wikipédia en Français


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