quadrille


quadrille
quadrille1
/kwo dril", kweuh-, keuh-/, n.
1. a square dance for four couples, consisting of five parts or movements, each complete in itself.
2. the music for such a dance.
[1730-40; < F < Sp cuadrilla company, troop, dim. of cuadra square < L quadra]
quadrille2
/kwo dril", kweuh-, keuh-/, n.
a card game played by four persons.
[1720-30; < F < Sp cuartillo, dim. of cuarto FOURTH < L quartus]
quadrille3
/kwo dril", kweuh-, keuh-/, adj.
ruled in squares, as graph paper.
[1880-85; < F quadrillé, ptp. of quadriller to rule in squares, deriv. of quadrille lozenge < Sp cuadrilla; see QUADRILLE1]

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Dance for four couples in square formation, fashionable from the late 18th through the 19th century.

Imported to England from Parisian ballrooms in 1815, it consisted of four or five contredanses (see country dance), each danced with prescribed combinations of intertwining figures rather than depending on intricate individual steps. It was often danced to opera melodies. See also American square dance.

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dance
      fashionable late 18th- and 19th-century dance for four couples in square formation. Imported by English aristocrats in 1815 from elite Parisian ballrooms, it consisted of four, or sometimes five, contredanses; (contredanse) like the contredanse (q.v.), the quadrille depended more on the cooperative execution of intertwining figures, or floor patterns, than on intricate stepwork. Each of the quadrille's sections was danced with prescribed combinations of figures, such as the tour de deux mains (“two-hand turn”), in which the couple held hands and turned; or the chaîne des dames (“ladies' chain”), in which opposite women first passed each other by the right hand, and then each gave her left hand to the opposite man, who turned her into place beside himself. The quadrille was frequently danced to a medley of opera melodies. The lancers, a variation of the quadrille, became popular in the late 1800s and was still danced in the mid-20th century in folk-dance clubs.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • QUADRILLE — Danse d’ensemble apparue en France à la fin du XVIIIe siècle, et que l’on retrouve en Angleterre vers 1815, puis à Berlin vers 1820. Le terme «quadrille» vient de l’italien squadra , qui désigne une compagnie de soldats formée en carré. Dans le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • quadrille — 1. (ka dri ll , ll mouillées, et non ka dri ye) s. f. 1°   Troupe de cavaliers pour un carrousel ou pour un tournois, qui, appartenant au même parti, avaient un arrangement déterminé et une parure uniforme. Nous courons après notre livre du… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Quadrille — (dt. [kvaˈdrɪljə], fr. [kaˈdʀij]) ist: ein Tanz, siehe Quadrille (Tanz) eine Formation beim Reiten, siehe Pferdesport: Formations und Quadrillereiten eine Patience Variante, siehe Patience ein dem L’Hombre ähnliches Kartenspiel für vier Personen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quadrille — Sf (Musik für) von vier Paaren getanzter Contretanz per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. quadrille (auch in der Bedeutung Reitergruppe ), das zurückgeht auf span. cuadrille, einer Ableitung von l. quadrus viereckig… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • quadrille — QUADRILLE. s. f. Troupe de Chevaliers d un mesme parti dans un Carrousel. Une belle quadrille. la premiere quadrille estoit magnifiquement vestuë, un tel estoit chef de la seconde quadrille …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Quadrille — Qua*drille , n. [F. quadrille, n. fem., fr. Sp. cuadrilla meeting of four or more persons or It. quadriglia a band of soldiers, a sort of dance; dim. fr. L. quadra a square, fr. quattuor four. See {Quadrate}.] 1. A dance having five figures, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Quadrille — Qua*drille , n. [F. quadrille, n. masc., cf. It. quadriglio; or perhaps from the Spanish. See {Quadrille} a dance.] A game played by four persons with forty cards, being the remainder of an ordinary pack after the tens, nines, and eights are… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • quadrillé — quadrillé, ée (ka dri llé, llée, ll mouillées) adj. Se dit des étoffes à carreaux.    Terme de construction. Systèmes quadrillés, systèmes composés de pièces parallèles entre elles reliées transversalement par d autres pièces également parallèles …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • quadrille — (n.) 1773, lively square dance for four couples, from Fr. quadrille, originally one of four groups of horsemen in a tournament (a sense attested in English from 1738), from Sp. cuadrilla, dim. of cuadro four sided battle square, from L. quadrum a …   Etymology dictionary

  • quadrille — quadrille1 [kwə dril′, kwädril′] n. [Fr, orig., one of four groups of horsemen participating in certain exercises < Sp cuadrilla, dim. < cuadro, four sided battle square < L quadra, a square: see QUADRIC] 1. a square dance of French… …   English World dictionary

  • Quadrille — (fr., spr. Kadrilj), 1) etwas, das zu Vieren od. vier Paaren angeordnet ist; daher 2) Tanz, dessen Melodie von heiterem lebhaftem Charakter aus vier jedesmal zu wiederholenden Theilen, jeder von acht Tacten im 2/4 od. 3/8 Tact besteht. Der Tanz… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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