purslane


purslane
/perrs"layn, -lin/, n.
1. a low, trailing plant, Portulaca oleracea, having yellow flowers, used as a salad plant and potherb. Cf. purslane family.
2. any other plant of the purslane family.
[1350-1400; ME purcelan(e) < MF porcelaine < LL porcillagin- (s. of porcillago), for L porcillaca, var. of PORTULACA PORTULACA]

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plant
      any of certain small, fleshy annual plants of the genus Portulaca (40–100 species), of the family Portulacaceae. The plants have prostrate, often reddish stems, with spoon-shaped leaves and flowers that open in the sunlight. The common purslane (P. oleracea), or pusley, is a widespread weed, recognizable by its small yellow flowers. P. oleracea sativa, known as kitchen garden pusley, is grown to some extent as a potherb, mostly in Europe. Rose moss (P. grandiflora), a trailing fleshy species, is cultivated as a garden ornamental for its brightly coloured, sometimes doubled flowers. All plants of the genus are known for their persistence; they grow well even in dry waste soil and can retain enough moisture to bloom and ripen seeds long after they have been uprooted. The capsules, which open by a lid, scatter many small seeds of great longevity.

      The purslane tree (Portulacaria afra), native to South Africa, is a fleshy-leaved, soft-wooded tree up to 4 metres (12 feet) high. It is grown in California as a specimen plant for its succulent habit and its tiny pink flowers that grow in clusters; it is also cultivated widely as an indoor potted plant.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Purslane — Purs lane, n. [OF. porcelaine, pourcelaine (cf. It. porcellana), corrupted fr. L. porcilaca for portulaca.] (Bot.) An annual plant ({Portulaca oleracea}), with fleshy, succulent, obovate leaves, sometimes used as a pot herb and for salads,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Purslane — may refer to:* Portulaca , a genus of succulent flowering plants, and especially: ** Portulaca oleracea , a species of Portulaca eaten as a vegetable and considered a weed, known as summer purslane * Claytonia perfoliata , Miner s lettuce or… …   Wikipedia

  • purslane — [pʉrs′lin, pʉrs′lān΄] n. [ME purcelane < MFr porcelaine < LL porcilaca, purslane, altered < L portulaca: see PORTULACA] any of various prostrate weeds (genus Portulaca) of the purslane family, with pink, fleshy stems and small, yellow,… …   English World dictionary

  • purslane — noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French porsulaigne, from Late Latin porcillagin , porcillago, alteration of Latin porcillaca, alteration of portulaca Date: 14th century any of a family (Portulacaceae, the purslane family) of… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • purslane — noun /ˈpɜːslən/ A widely grown edible plant, Portulaca oleracea. Syn: common purslane, little hogweed, pigweed, pusley, verdolaga …   Wiktionary

  • purslane — [ pə:slən] noun a small fleshy leaved plant of damp or marshy habitats, some kinds of which are edible. [Atriplex portulacoides (sea purslane) and other species.] Origin ME: from OFr. porcelaine, prob. from L. porcil(l)aca, var. of portulaca,… …   English new terms dictionary

  • purslane — purs•lane [[t]ˈpɜrs leɪn, lɪn[/t]] n. pln any low, trailing plant of the genus Portulaca, of the purslane family, esp. P. oleracea, having yellow flowers, used as a salad plant and potherb • Etymology: 1350–1400; ME purcelan(e) < MF porcelaine …   From formal English to slang

  • purslane — /ˈpɜslən / (say persluhn) noun 1. a widely distributed, yellow flowered species of portulaca, Portulaca oleracea, used as a salad plant and potherb; pigweed. 2. any other plant of the genus Portulaca. 3. any of various plants, as plants of the… …   Australian English dictionary

  • purslane — paprastoji portulaka statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Portulakinių šeimos daržovinis, maistinis, pašarinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Portulaca oleracea). atitikmenys: lot. Portulaca oleracea angl. purslane vok. Portulak pranc. pourpier… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • purslane — portulaka statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Portulakinių (Portulaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Portulaca). atitikmenys: lot. Portulaca angl. moss rose; portulaca; purslane vok. Portulak; Portulak Röschen rus. портулак lenk. portulaka …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas


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