provost


provost
provostship, n.
/proh"vohst, prov"euhst/ or, esp. in military usage, /proh"voh/, n.
1. a person appointed to superintend or preside.
2. an administrative officer in any of various colleges and universities who holds high rank and is concerned with the curriculum, faculty appointments, etc.
3. Eccles. the chief dignitary of a cathedral or collegiate church.
4. the steward or bailiff of a medieval manor or an officer of a medieval administrative district.
5. the mayor of a municipality in Scotland.
6. Obs. a prison warden.
[bef. 900; ME; OE profost < ML propositus abbot, prior, provost, lit., (one) placed before, L: ptp. of proponere. See PRO-1, POSIT]

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▪ French law
French  Prévôt,  

      in French law, an inferior royal judge under the ancien régime, who, during the later Middle Ages, often served as an administrator of the domain. The position appears to date from the 11th century, when the Capetian dynasty of kings sought a means to render justice within their realm and to subject their vassals to royal control.

      The provosts performed a variety of functions: they collected taxes and fines for the king, served as military commanders for the district, and sat as lower-court judges. For a long time they were the only local judges representing the Capetians; they held their offices as fiefs and collected their revenues and fees as tax farmers. Consequently, they were able to achieve considerable independence of the crown, and abuses followed. By the 13th century they were brought under the control of the bailiffs, and after 1493 the provosts were paid by the crown as salaried officials. Their powers were further limited in the 17th century, when the provosts lost all except their judicial powers. In the south of France the provosts were known as viguiers.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Provost — Prov ost, n. [OF. provost (L. prae and pro being confused), F. prev[^o]t, fr. L. praepositus placed before, a chief, fr. praeponere to place before: cf. AS. pr[=a]fost, pr[=o]fast. See {Preposition}, and cf. {Propound}.] 1. A person who is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Provost — steht für: einen Hochschulbeamten, siehe Provost (Universität) einen mittelalterlichen Verwaltungstitel, siehe Profos Provost (Alberta), eine Gemeinde in Kanada Provost ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Claude Provost (1933–1984),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • provost — O.E. profost, from M.L. propositus (reinforced by O.Fr. cognate provost), from L. propositus/praepositus a chief, prefect (Cf. O.Prov. probost, O.H.G. probost, Ger. Propst), lit. placed before, in charge of, from pp. of præponere put before (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • provost — [prō′vōst΄, präv′əst; ] esp. in military use [ prō′vō΄] n. [ME < OE profost & OFr provost, both < ML propositus, for L praepositus, chief, prefect, orig. pp. of praeponere, to set before, place first < prae , before + ponere, to place:… …   English World dictionary

  • Provost — (engl., spr. prówwöst), in England Titel von höhern Geistlichen, auch von Vorstehern der Stadtverwaltungen gewisser Kollegien etc.; Lord P. heißen die Bürgermeister von Edinburg, Glasgow, Aberdeen und Dundee …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Provost — Provŏst (engl., »Vorgesetzter«), Titel höherer kirchlicher Würdenträger, Vorsteher von Colleges; in Schottland Magistratsvorsteher …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • provost — index plenipotentiary Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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  • provost — ► NOUN 1) Brit. the position of head in certain university colleges and public schools. 2) N. Amer. a senior administrative officer in certain universities. 3) Scottish a mayor. 4) the head of a chapter in a cathedral. 5) historical the chief… …   English terms dictionary


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