protocol


protocol
protocolar /proh'teuh kol"euhr/, protocolary, protocolic, adj.
/proh"teuh kawl', -kol', -kohl'/, n.
1. the customs and regulations dealing with diplomatic formality, precedence, and etiquette.
2. an original draft, minute, or record from which a document, esp. a treaty, is prepared.
3. a supplementary international agreement.
4. an agreement between states.
5. an annex to a treaty giving data relating to it.
6. Med. the plan for carrying out a scientific study or a patient's treatment regimen.
7. Computers. a set of rules governing the format of messages that are exchanged between computers.
8. Also called protocol statement, protocol sentence, protocol proposition. Philos. a statement reporting an observation or experience in the most fundamental terms without interpretation: sometimes taken as the basis of empirical verification, as of scientific laws.
v.i.
9. to draft or issue a protocol.
[1535-45; earlier protocoll < ML protocollum < LGk protókollon orig., a leaf or tag attached to a rolled papyrus manuscript and containing notes as to contents. See PROTO-, COLLOID]

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I
In computer science, a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data between electronic devices, such as computers.

In order for computers to exchange information, there must be a preexisting agreement as to how the information will be structured and how each side will send and receive it. Without a protocol, a transmitting computer, for example, could be sending its data in 8-bit packets while the receiving computer might expect the data in 16-bit packets. Protocols are established by international or industrywide organizations. Perhaps the most important computer protocol is OSI (Open Systems Interconnection), a set of guidelines for implementing networking communications between computers. The most important sets of Internet protocols are TCP/IP, HTTP, and FTP.
II
(as used in expressions)
file transfer protocol
HyperText Transfer Protocol
Internet Protocol address
Protocol for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Protocol I — Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol 1)IntroductionProtocol I is an amendment to the Geneva Conventions.Adopted on June 8, 1977 by… …   Wikipedia

  • protocol — pro‧to‧col [ˈprəʊtəkɒl ǁ ˈproʊtəkɒːl, kɑːl] noun 1. [countable] COMPUTING an established method for connecting computers so that they can exchange information: • You have to use a different protocol with this new modem. • HTTP is an Internet… …   Financial and business terms

  • Protocol — may also refer to:Standards in information automation: * Communications protocol * Protocol (computing) * Protocol (object oriented programming) * Cryptographic protocolProcedures for human behavior: * Protocol (diplomacy) * Protocol, a.k.a.… …   Wikipedia

  • Protocol II — Protocol II: Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Non International Armed Conflicts.As of 14 January 2007 it had been ratified by 163 countries, with the United States, Israel, Iran …   Wikipedia

  • protocol — PROTOCÓL, protocoale, s.n. 1. Act, document în care sunt consemnate rezoluţiile unei adunări, ale unor dezbateri, ale unei conferinţe internaţionale; document diplomatic cu valoarea unui acord internaţional, care cuprinde hotărârile luate la o… …   Dicționar Român

  • Protocol — • The formula used at the beginning of public acts drawn up by notaries; also, the compact register in which notaries register these acts; finally, the first draft of these acts Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Protocol     Proto …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • protocol — pro·to·col / prō tə ˌkȯl/ n 1: an original draft, minute, or record of a document or transaction 2 a: a preliminary memorandum often formulated and signed by diplomatic negotiators as a basis for a final convention or treaty b: the records or… …   Law dictionary

  • protocol — [prōt′ə kôl΄, prōt′ōkäl΄, prōt′ōkōl΄] n. [Early ModE prothocoll < MFr prothocole < ML protocollum < LGr prōtokollon, first leaf glued to a manuscript (describing the contents) < Gr prōto , PROTO + kolla, glue] 1. an original draft or… …   English World dictionary

  • Protocol — Pro to*col, v. t. To make a protocol of. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Protocol — Pro to*col, n. [F. protocole, LL. protocollum, fr. Gr. ? the first leaf glued to the rolls of papyrus and the notarial documents, on which the date was written; prw^tos the first (see {Proto }) + ? glue.] 1. The original copy of any writing, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Protocol — Pro to*col, v. i. To make or write protocols, or first draughts; to issue protocols. Carlyle. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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