proprietary colony


proprietary colony
Amer. Hist.
any of certain colonies, as Maryland and Pennsylvania, that were granted to an individual or group by the British crown and that were granted full rights of self-government. Cf. charter colony, royal colony.

* * *

Type of settlement in British North America (1660–90).

To repay political and financial debts, the British crown, beginning with Charles II, awarded supporters vast tracts of land in colonial New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and the Carolinas. The proprietors were to supervise and develop the colonies, which became successful enterprises. By 1690 concern about the colonies' growing independence from control by British officials led to the end of proprietary grants.

* * *

▪ United States history
  in British-American colonial history, a type of settlement dominating the period 1660–90, in which favourites of the British crown were awarded huge tracts of land in the New World to supervise and develop. Before this time most of the colonies had been financed and settled under the jurisdiction of joint stock companies operating under charters granted by the crown. After the Restoration (1660), Charles II used proprietaries as a device to meet pent-up demands for territorial expansion as well as to repay political and economic debts incurred in the struggle for the throne. Vast tracts of land in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and North and South Carolina were distributed in this way.

      Although proprietorships were feudal in origin, American proprietors were forced to yield power and privileges to their colonists. By the turn of the century most British officials, fearing the proprietaries' independence from parliamentary authority, favoured an end to the granting of new proprietary colonies despite their success. One important result of the proprietary movement was the diversification of settlers, who were attracted from several different countries rather than from England alone, thus helping to bring a more cosmopolitan character to the new country.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • proprietary colony — ☆ proprietary colony n. any of certain North American colonies that were granted by the British Crown to an individual or group with full governing rights …   English World dictionary

  • Proprietary colony — Les Proprietary colonies étaient des concessions territoriales accordées par le roi à des Lords afin que ces derniers les mettent en valeur en favorisant leur peuplement et en y instaurant les lois et les coutumes d Angleterre. Ce type de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Proprietary colony — A proprietary colony is a colony in which one or more private land owners retain rights that are normally the privilege of the state, and in all cases eventually became so. [Bernard Vincent, La période coloniale in États *Unis peuple et culture …   Wikipedia

  • proprietary colony — noun a colony given to a proprietor to govern (in 17th century) • Hypernyms: ↑colony, ↑settlement * * * noun : a colony granted to some individual or individuals with the fullest prerogatives of goverment compare charter colony, royal colony * *… …   Useful english dictionary

  • proprietary — [prə prī′ə ter΄ē, prōprī′ə ter΄ē] n. pl. proprietaries [LL proprietarius < L proprietas: see PROPERTY] 1. a proprietor or owner 2. a group of proprietors 3. proprietorship or ownership ☆ 4. the grantee or owner of a proprietary colony in… …   English World dictionary

  • Proprietary — The word proprietary indicates that a party, or proprietor, exercises private ownership, control or use over an item of property.Terms relating to Proprietary include: *Proprietary bottling *Proprietary church *Proprietary colleges *Proprietary… …   Wikipedia

  • Colony (disambiguation) — Contents 1 Society 1.1 Animals, insects, micro organisms, plants 2 Places …   Wikipedia

  • Colony — This article is about a type of political territory. For other uses, see Colony (disambiguation). Countries and their territories (colonies) in 1945 …   Wikipedia

  • proprietary — proprietarily /preuh pruy i tair i lee, pruy i ter /, adv. /preuh pruy i ter ee/, adj., n., pl. proprietaries. adj. 1. belonging to a proprietor. 2. being a proprietor; holding property: the proprietary class. 3. pertaining to property or… …   Universalium

  • colony — /kol euh nee/, n., pl. colonies. 1. a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation. 2. the country or district settled or colonized: Many Western nations are… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.