/prish"ee euhn, prish"euhn/, n.fl. A.D. c500, Latin grammarian.
* * *Latin Priscianus CaesariensisLatin grammarian.He used the writings of Apollonius Dyscolus on Greek grammar as a guide in producing his own classic works on Latin grammar. His Institutiones grammaticae ("Grammatical Foundations"), with citations from Latin authors, became the standard work for teaching grammar in the Middle Ages. His other writings include treatises on weights and measures and on the metres of Terence.
* * *▪ Latin grammarianLatin in full Priscianus Caesariensisflourished c. AD 500, Caesarea, Mauretania [now Cherchell, Alg.]the best known of all the Latin grammarians, author of the Institutiones grammaticae, which had a profound influence on the teaching of Latin and indeed of grammar generally in Europe.Though born in Mauretania, Priscian taught in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey). His minor works include De nomine, pronomine et verbo (“On Noun, Pronoun, and Verb”), for the teaching of grammar in schools; a treatise on weights and measures; a treatise on the metres of Terence; Praeexercitamina, an adaptation for Latin readers of some Greek rhetorical exercises; a panegyric in verse on the emperor Anastasius I; and a verse translation of Dionysius' Periegesis. Priscian's Institutiones grammaticae (“Grammatical Foundations”) is an 18-volume exposition of Latin grammar. As far as possible Priscian took as his guides the works of Apollonius Dyscolus on Greek grammar and Flavius Caper on Latin grammar. He drew illustrative citations from many Latin authors and in this way was able to preserve numerous fragments that would otherwise have been lost.Priscian's work was extensively quoted in the 7th, 8th, and 9th centuries. Subsequently it became the standard work for the teaching of grammar in the medieval schools; and it provided the background for the rise of speculative grammar (the logic of language) in the 13th and 14th centuries. There are about 1,000 manuscript copies extant. Of these, the greater part contain only books i–xvi (called Priscianus major); a few contain books xvii and xviii (Priscianus minor) and some of the minor works; and a few contain all 18 books of the Institutiones.Apart from fragments, the oldest manuscripts are of the 9th century. The first printed edition was produced in 1470 at Venice.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Priscian — oder Die Grammatik, Halbrelief, Marmor, von der Nordostseite des Glockenturms des Florentiner Doms, Luca della Robbia, 1437/39 Priscianus Caesariensis oder Priscian, ein bedeutender spätantiker lateinischer Grammatiker, lebte um 500 und starb… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Priscian — from L. Priscianus, name of a celebrated Roman grammarian (c.500 530); hence to break Priscian s head (1520s) to violate rules of grammar (L. diminuere Prisciani caput) … Etymology dictionary
Priscian — [prish′ən, prish′ē ən] (L. name Priscianus Caesariensis) fl. A.D. 500: Latin grammarian … English World dictionary
Priscian — Not to be confused with Priscian of Lydia. Priscian, or the Grammar, relief from the bell tower of Florence by Luca della Robbia Priscianus Caesariensis (fl. 500 AD), commonly known as Priscian, was a Latin grammarian. He wrote the Institution … Wikipedia
Priscian — *1. Dem Priscian Ohrfeigen geben. Fehler gegen die lateinische Grammatik begehen. Priscian war ein berühmter lateinischer Sprachlehrer zur Zeit Justinian s. »Wie wir in der Schule sagen, wenn einer übel lateinisch redet oder schreibet: Er gibt… … Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon
Priscian — biographical name flourished A.D. 500 Priscianus Caesariensis Latin grammarian at Constantinople … New Collegiate Dictionary
PRISCIAN — Latin grammarian of the 6th century, born in Cæsarea; was author of Grammatical Commentaries in 18 books, a standard work during the Middle Ages, and in universal use at that time … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Priscian — Distinguished Latin grammarian and poet who left Vandalic North Africa to settle in Constantinople, where he wrote a panegyric to the emperor Anastasios I (qq.v.) ca. 503. His chief work was a voluminous work on Latin grammar that became a… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
PRISCIAN — Priscianus … Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions
Priscian — Pris•ci•an [[t]ˈprɪʃ i ən, ˈprɪʃ ən[/t]] n. big fl. a.d. c500, Latin grammarian … From formal English to slang