predicate


predicate
predication, n.predicational, adj.predicative /pred"i kay'tiv, -keuh-/; Brit. /pri dik"euh tiv/, adj.predicatively, adv.
v. /pred"i kayt'/; adj., n. /pred"i kit/, v., predicated, predicating, adj., n.
v.t.
1. to proclaim; declare; affirm; assert.
2. Logic.
a. to affirm or assert (something) of the subject of a proposition.
b. to make (a term) the predicate of such a proposition.
3. to connote; imply: His retraction predicates a change of attitude.
4. to found or derive (a statement, action, etc.); base (usually fol. by on): He predicated his behavior on his faith in humanity.
v.i.
5. to make an affirmation or assertion.
adj.
6. predicated.
7. Gram. belonging to the predicate: a predicate noun.
n.
8. Gram. (in many languages, as English) a syntactic unit that functions as one of the two main constituents of a simple sentence, the other being the subject, and that consists of a verb, which in English may agree with the subject in number, and of all the words governed by the verb or modifying it, the whole often expressing the action performed by or the state attributed to the subject, as is here in Larry is here.
9. Logic. that which is affirmed or denied concerning the subject of a proposition.
[1400-50; (n.) late ME ( < MF predicat) < ML praedicatum, n. use of neut. of L praedicatus, ptp. of praedicare to declare publicly, assert, equiv. to prae- PRE- + dica(re) to show, INDICATE, make known + -tus ptp. suffix; (v. and adj.) < L praedicatus; cf. PREACH]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Predicate — Pred i*cate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Predicated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Predicating}.] [L. praedicatus, p. p. of praedicare to cry in public, to proclaim. See {Preach}.] 1. To assert to belong to something; to affirm (one thing of another); as, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Predicate — or predication may refer to:*Predicate (mathematics), a relation, or the boolean valued characteristic function or indicator function of a relation *Predicate (logic), a fundamental concept in first order logic **in Bertrand Russell s theory of… …   Wikipedia

  • predicate — [pred′i kāt΄; ] for n. [ & ] adj. [, pred′ikit] vt. predicated, predicating [L praedicatus, pp. of praedicare: see PREACH] 1. Obs. to proclaim; preach; declare; affirm 2. a) to affirm as a quality, attribute, or property of a person or thing …   English World dictionary

  • predicate — pred·i·cate 1 / pre də ˌkāt/ vt cat·ed, cat·ing: to set or ground on something: find a basis for usu. used with on if Mary s claim is predicated simply on John s duty of support W. M. McGovern, Jr. et al. pred·i·cate 2 / pre di kət/ adj: rela …   Law dictionary

  • Predicate — Pred i*cate, n. [L. praedicatum, neut. of praedicatus, p. p. praedicare: cf. F. pr[ e]dicat. See {Predicate}, v. t.] 1. (Logic) That which is affirmed or denied of the subject. In these propositions, Paper is white, Ink is not white, whiteness is …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • predicate — and predict are distantly related but their meanings are distinct. The primary meaning of predict is ‘to foretell’, whereas the primary use of predicate is followed by on in the meaning ‘to found or base (on a principle or assumption)’: That s a… …   Modern English usage

  • predicate — ► NOUN 1) Grammar the part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject (e.g. went home in John went home). 2) Logic something which is affirmed or denied concerning an argument of a proposition. ► VERB 1)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Predicate — Pred i*cate, a. [L. praedicatus, p. p.] Predicated. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Predicate — Pred i*cate, v. i. To affirm something of another thing; to make an affirmation. Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • predicate — (n.) 1530s, a term in logic, from L. praedicatum that which is said of the subject, properly neut. pp. of praedicare assert, proclaim, declare publicly, from prae forth, before (see PRE (Cf. pre )) + dicare proclaim, from stem of dicere to speak …   Etymology dictionary

  • predicate — vb affirm, declare, profess, *assert, aver, protest, avouch, avow, warrant …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


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