precedent


precedent
precedentless, adj.
n. /pres"i deuhnt/; adj. /pri seed"nt, pres"i deuhnt/, n.
1. Law. a legal decision or form of proceeding serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in future similar or analogous cases.
2. any act, decision, or case that serves as a guide or justification for subsequent situations.
3. preceding; anterior.
[1350-1400; (adj.) ME < L praecedent- (s. of praecedens) prp. of praecedere to go before, PRECEDE (see -ENT); (n.) late ME, deriv. of the adj.]
Syn. 2. example, model, pattern, standard.

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law
      in law, a judgment or decision of a court that is cited in a subsequent dispute as an example or analogy to justify deciding a similar case or point of law in the same manner. common law and equity, as found in English and American legal systems, rely strongly on the body of established precedents, although in the original development of equity the court theoretically had freedom from precedent. At the end of the 19th century, the principle of stare decisis (Latin: “let the decision stand”) became rigidly accepted in England. In the United States the principle of precedent is strong, though higher courts—particularly the Supreme Court of the United States—may review and overturn earlier precedents.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • précédent — précédent, ente [ presedɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. et n. m. • XIIIe; lat. præcedens, entis I ♦ Adj. Qui précède, s est produit antérieurement, vient avant. Dans un précédent ouvrage. ⇒ antérieur. Le jour précédent : la veille. « Ce testament annule le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • precedent — pre·ce·dent 1 /pri sēd ənt, pre səd / adj [Middle French, from Latin praecedent praecedens, present participle of praecedere to go ahead of, come before]: prior in time, order, arrangement, or significance see also condition precedent at… …   Law dictionary

  • precedent — PRECEDÉNT, Ă, precedenţi, te, adj., s.n. 1. adj. Care precedă pe cineva sau ceva în timp sau în spaţiu; premergător, anterior. 2. s.n. Fapt sau caz anterior analog, care poate servi ca exemplu, ca regulă de conduită sau ca justificare pentru… …   Dicționar Român

  • precedent — pre‧ce‧dent [ˈpresdnt] noun [countable] LAW an official action or decision which can be used later to support another legal decision: • The injunction on imports could set a precedent for other patent infringement cases. • Solicitors are aiming …   Financial and business terms

  • precedent — Precedent, [preced]ente. adj. v. Qui precede. Il se dit ordinairement par rapport au temps. Le jour precedent. je vous ay escrit par l ordinaire precedent. dans les regnes precedents, dans l assemblée precedente. cette clause estoit portée dans… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • précédent — précédent, ente (pré sé dan, dan t ) adj. 1°   Qui précède, qui est immédiatement avant, soit par rapport à l ordre, soit par rapport au rang. Le jour, le règne précédent. Vous trouverez cela dans le chapitre précédent, à la page précédente.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Precedent — Pre*ced ent, a. [L. praecedens, entis, p. pr. of praecedere: cf. F. pr[ e]c[ e]dent. See {Precede}.] Going before; anterior; preceding; antecedent; as, precedent services. Shak. A precedent injury. Bacon. [1913 Webster] {Condition precedent}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Precedent — Prec e*dent, n. 1. Something done or said that may serve as an example to authorize a subsequent act of the same kind; an authoritative example. [1913 Webster] Examples for cases can but direct as precedents only. Hooker. [1913 Webster] 2. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • precedent — [prē sēd′ nt, prisēd′ nt; ] for n. [ pres′ə dənt] adj. [ME < MFr précédent < L praecedens, prp. of praecedere, to PRECEDE] that precedes; preceding n. precedent 1. an act, statement, legal decision, case, etc. that may serve as an example,… …   English World dictionary

  • precedent — (n.) early 15c., case which may be taken as a rule in similar cases, from M.Fr. precedent, from L. praecedentum (nom. praecedens), prp. of praecedere go before (see PRECEDE (Cf. precede)). Meaning thing or person that goes before another is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • precedent — précédent DEFINICIJA v. presedan …   Hrvatski jezični portal


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