/prat"ing kohl', prat"n-/, n.
any of several limicoline birds of the genus Glareola, of the Eastern Hemisphere, having a short bill, long, narrow, pointed wings, and a forked tail.
[ < NL Pratincola (1756) genus name, equiv. to L prat(um) meadow + incola inhabitant (see IN-2, -COLOUS)]

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also called  Swallow Plover,  

      any of six or seven Old World shorebird species constituting the subfamily Glareolinae of the family Glareolidae, which also includes the coursers. Pratincoles are about 20 cm (8 inches) long and are brown with a white rump; the tail is forked, and the wings are long and pointed. Pratincoles feed on insects at twilight, flying over rivers and lakes in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia. They nest colonially, on the ground, often in hoofprints of grazing animals.

      The common pratincole (Glareola pratincola) has reddish brown underwings and a yellowish throat outlined in black. The black-winged pratincole (G. nordmanni) of the Middle East is called locust bird in Africa, where it winters. Smaller species with less-forked tails and shorter wings are sometimes separated as the genus Galachrysia; these include the white-collared pratincole (G. nuchalis) of Africa and the little Indian pratincole (G. lactea) of southern Asia. The Australian pratincole (Stiltia isabella) is a longer-legged bird, and, unlike other pratincoles, it frequents dry plains in the arid interior of the country.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • pratincole — [prat′ n kōl, prat′iŋkōl΄] n. [< ModL pratincola < L pratum, meadow (see PRAIRIE) + incola, inhabitant < in , IN 1 + colere, to till: see CULT] any of various small Old World shorebirds (family Glareolidae) with long, pointed wings and a …   English World dictionary

  • Pratincole — Pra tin*cole, n. (Zo[ o]l.) Any bird of the Old World genus {Glareola}, or family {Glareolid[ae]}, allied to the plovers. They have long, pointed wings and a forked tail. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pratincole — Taxobox name = Pratincoles image width = 250px image caption = Glareola lactea regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Charadriiformes familia = Glareolidae genus = Stiltia genus2 = Glareola subdivision ranks = Species… …   Wikipedia

  • pratincole — /ˈprætɪŋkoʊl / (say pratingkohl), /ˈpreɪtɪŋ / (say prayting ) noun 1. → Australian pratincole. 2. → oriental pratincole. 3. any of certain birds of the family Glareolidae, of Eurasia, Africa and Australia, having tern like flight and feeding on… …   Australian English dictionary

  • pratincole — tikrosios kregždūnės statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Glareola angl. pratincole vok. Brachschwalbe, f rus. тиркушка, f pranc. glaréole, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas – kregždūnės siauresnis terminas – juodasparnė kregždūnė… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • pratincole — noun Etymology: ultimately from Latin pratum meadow + incola inhabitant, from in + colere to cultivate more at wheel Date: 1773 any of several Old World shore inhabiting birds (genera Glareola and Stiltia of the family Glareolidae) with a short… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pratincole — noun /ˈpɹætɪnˌkəʊl/lang=en Any of several species of birds in the genera Glareola or Stiltia of the family Glareolidae …   Wiktionary

  • pratincole — fork tailed, long winged Australian bird Unusual Animals …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • pratincole — [ pratɪŋkəʊl] noun a long winged fork tailed insectivorous bird related to the plovers. [Glareola pratincola (Africa and the Mediterranean) and other species.] Origin C18: from mod. L. pratincola, from L. pratum meadow + incola inhabitant …   English new terms dictionary

  • pratincole — prat·in·cole …   English syllables

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