Praeneste


Praeneste
/pree nes"tee/, n.
ancient name of Palestrina.

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Ancient city, Latium, central Italy.

Praeneste was located on a spur of the Apennines. Founded before the 8th century BC, it saw many battles with Rome before becoming part of the Roman Empire. It was a major centre for the cult of the goddess Fortuna, whose sanctuary and temple oracle were surrounded by an immense complex of buildings. It became a favourite summer resort of wealthy Romans, including Augustus, Hadrian, and Pliny the Younger. The modern town is the birthplace of composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina.

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▪ ancient town, Italy

      ancient city of Latium, located 23 miles east-southeast of Rome on a spur of the Apennines, home of the great temple to Fortuna Primigenia. After the Gallic invasion (390 BC), Praeneste fought many battles with Rome; defeated in the Latin War (340–338), it lost part of its territory and became Rome's ally. After 90 BC it received Roman citizenship and became a municipium. In the civil wars the younger Marius was blockaded in the town by the Sullans (82 BC), who took the city, massacred its males, and settled a colony of Sulla's veterans on part of its territory, moving the remainder of the people to lower ground.

      Under the empire, Praeneste became a favourite summer resort of wealthy Romans, including Augustus, Hadrian, and the younger Pliny.

      The city was a major cultic centre for the worship of the goddess Fortuna Primigenia. Her sanctuary and temple oracle were surrounded by an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside like a pyramid of terraces, visible even from the sea. The cult was flourishing by 241 BC, but the time during which the great buildings were constructed is a matter of debate.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PRAENESTE — urbs Latii una ex celeberrimis, in sinibus Aequorum, a Româ 24. mill. pass. versus Fucinum lacum. Memoratur Plauto, Ciceroni, pro Planc. c. 26. Varroni, Virgilio, Propertio, Horatio, Livio, Dionysio, Velleio, Val. Maximo, Straboni, Plinio, Statio …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Praeneste — 41.84042212.892531 Koordinaten: 41° 50′ N, 12° 54′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Praeneste — Préneste Site de Préneste, vu du palais Barberini Préneste (ou Praeneste) est une ancienne ville du Latium à 37 km à l est de Rome. Actuellement nommée Palestrina, la ville était située sur une hauteur stratégique des Apennins …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Praeneste — Praenẹste,   antiker Name der Stadt Palestrina …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Praeneste — stor. Palestrina …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Praeneste — /pree nes tee/, n. ancient name of Palestrina …   Useful english dictionary

  • Praeneste fibula — The Praeneste fibula or Præneste fibula (the brooch of Palestrina ) is a golden brooch that was once thought to be the earliest surviving specimen of the Latin language, but is now thought by most scholars to have been a hoax.The fibula was… …   Wikipedia

  • Praeneste-Fibel — Inschrift der Manios Spange Die Manios Spange, auch Fibula praenestina genannt, ist eine goldene Fibel, die im mittelitalienischen Ort Palestrina (dem antiken Praeneste) gefunden wurde und auf das 7. Jahrhundert v. Chr. datiert wird. Sie befindet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agapitus von Praeneste — war ein Heiliger und Märtyrer im 3. Jahrhundert. Er ist der Patron der kranken Kinder und Schwangeren und Helfer bei Bauchschmerzen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Überlieferung 1.1 Martyrologium Hieronianum und Martyrologium Romanum 1.2 Passio Sancti …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kuno von Praeneste — (* im 11. Jahrhundert; † 1122), aus der Familie der Grafen von Urach, war ein Sohn des Grafen Egino I. von Dettingen, Kardinal und Bischof von Palestrina (Praeneste) sowie päpstlicher Legat in Frankreich und Deutschland. Im Jahr 1080 war er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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