Port Harcourt


Port Harcourt
/hahr"keuhrt, -kawrt, -kohrt/
a seaport in S Nigeria. 220,000.

* * *

      port town and capital of Rivers state, southern Nigeria. It lies along the Bonny River (an eastern distributary of the Niger River) 41 miles (66 km) upstream from the Gulf of Guinea (Guinea, Gulf of). Founded in 1912 in an area traditionally inhabited by the Ijo people, it began to serve as a port (named for Lewis Harcourt, then colonial secretary) after the opening of the rail link to the Enugu coalfields in 1916. Now one of the nation's largest ports, its modern deepwater (23 feet [7 metres]) facilities handle the export of palm oil, palm kernels, and timber from the surrounding area, coal from Anambra state, tin and columbite from the Jos Plateau, peanuts (groundnuts) from the northern states, and, since 1958, petroleum from fields in the eastern Niger River delta. Port Harcourt has bulk storage facilities for both palm oil and petroleum. In the 1970s the port was enlarged with new facilities at nearby Onne.

      Port Harcourt is one of Nigeria's leading industrial centres. The Trans-Amadi Industrial Estate, 4 miles (6 km) north, is a 2,500-acre (1,000-hectare) site where tires, aluminum products, glass bottles, and paper are manufactured. The town also manufactures cigarettes, steel structural products, corrugated tin, paints, plastics, enamelware, wood and metal furniture, cement, concrete products, and several other goods, and it has truck and bicycle assembly plants. Nigeria's first oil refinery (1965) is at Alesa-Eleme, 12 miles (19 km) southeast. Pipelines carry oil and natural gas to Port Harcourt (where there also is a refinery) and to the port of Bonny, 25 miles (40 km) south-southeast, and refined oil to Makurdi in Benue state. Port Harcourt is the site of traditional boatbuilding and fishing industries and has fish-freezing facilities.

      The University of Port Harcourt (1975) and Rivers State University of Science and Technology (1971, university status 1980) serve the town, and nearby Onne is the site of the Nigerian Naval College. Port Harcourt is the starting point of the eastern branch of the Nigerian Railways main line and also of the trunk highway network serving eastern Nigeria. There is an international airport located 7 miles (11 km) northeast along the road and railway to Aba. Pop. (2005 est.) 972,000.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Port Harcourt — Ugwu Ọcha/Iguocha, Diobu,   City   Top: A street scene in Port Harcourt Middle: Port Harcourt I …   Wikipedia

  • Port Harcourt — Port Harcourt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Port Harcourt — Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PORT HARCOURT — PORT HARCOUR Ville du Nigeria, capitale de l’État de Rivers, Port Harcourt est situé sur la Bonny, bras le plus oriental du delta du Niger, à la limite entre terre ferme et mangrove. Il a été créé en 1912 comme port exportateur de charbon de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Port Harcourt — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ubicación de Port Harcourt en Nigeria. Port Harcourt es una ciudad ubicada en el delta del Níger, en Nigeria. Es el centro administrativo y capital del estado de Ríos. Fue fundada por los británicos en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Port Harcourt —   [pɔːt hɑːkət], Hafenstadt in Nigeria, Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Rivers, am Ostrand des Nigerdeltas, 410 000 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; zwei Universitäten (gegründet 1975 und 1980); Lkw und Fahrradmontagewerk, Aluminiumwalzwerk,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Port Harcourt — Original name in latin Port Harcourt Name in other language Gorad Port Kharkort, PHC, Port Harcourt, Port Harkortas, Port Kharkurt, Port Kharkort, Ugwu Ocha, Ugwu cha, bwrt harkwrt, ha ke te gang, poteuhakeoteu, potohakoto, Горад Порт Харкорт,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Port Harcourt — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Port Harcourt Country and Admin Code NG.50.7873928 NG …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Port Harcourt — Port Har′court [[t]ˈhɑr kərt, kɔrt, koʊrt[/t]] n. geg a seaport in S Nigeria. 362,000 …   From formal English to slang

  • Port Harcourt — ► C. del S de Nigeria, cap. del estado de Rivers y de la prov. de su nombre; 371 000 h. Segundo puerto del país y principal centro industrial …   Enciclopedia Universal