poplar


poplar
poplared, adj.
/pop"leuhr/, n.
1. any of the rapidly growing, salicaceous trees of the genus Populus, usually characterized by the columnar or spirelike manner of growth of its branches.
2. the light, soft wood of any of these trees, used for pulp.
3. any of various similar trees, as the tulip tree.
4. the wood of any such tree.
[1350-1400; ME popler(e), var. of populer, equiv. to ME, OE popul POPPLE2 ( < L populus poplar) + -er -ER2; suffix appar. added on model of MF pouplier, equiv. to pouple poplar + -ier -IER2]

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I
Any of at least 35 species and many natural hybrids of trees that make up the genus Populus (willow family).

Poplars grow throughout northern temperate regions, some even beyond the Arctic Circle. They are rapid-growing but relatively short-lived. Their leaves flutter in the slightest breeze because of their laterally compressed petioles (leafstalks). The relatively soft wood is used to make cardboard boxes, crates, paper, and veneer. North America has three groups of native poplars: cottonwoods, aspens, and balsam poplars.
II
(as used in expressions)
tulip poplar

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tree
      any of several species of trees belonging to the genus Populus of the willow family (Salicaceae). The genus Populus contains at least 35 species of trees, along with a number of natural hybrids. The poplar species native to North America are divided into three main groups: the cottonwoods, the aspens, and the balsam poplars. Aspens usually have smooth gray to green bark and nonsticky buds, while cottonwoods and balsam poplars have sticky buds and bark that is darker and deeply furrowed. (See aspen; cottonwood.)

      Poplars are rapid-growing but relatively short-lived trees. They are widely distributed throughout the northern temperate regions, ranging from North America through Eurasia and northern Africa, with a few species extending even beyond the Arctic Circle. The leaves are alternate and ovate or heart-shaped in outline, with finely to coarsely toothed margins. The leaves tremble in the slightest breeze because of their laterally compressed petioles. Male and female flowers grow on separate trees and bloom in drooping catkins long before the leaves emerge. The fruits, which mature before the leaves are fully grown, are small, thick-walled capsules that contain many minute seeds clothed in cottony tufts of silky hairs, which assist in wind dispersal. The wood of poplars is relatively soft and hence is mostly used to make cardboard boxes, crates, paper, and veneer.

      Two well-known poplar species of Eurasia are the white and the black poplar. The white poplar (P. alba)—also known as silver poplar for its leaves, which have white felted undersides, and as maple leaf poplar for the leaves' lobed margins—is widely spreading in form, reaching 30 metres (100 feet) in height. Bolle's poplar (P. alba variety bolleana) is a columnar variety of the white poplar. The gray poplar (P. canescens) is a close relative of the white poplar that has deltoid leaves with woolly grayish undersides. The black poplar (P. nigra) has oval, fine-toothed leaves; it is long-trunked and grows to a height of 35 metres (115 feet). Its better-known variety, the Lombardy poplar (P. nigra variety italica), is easily identified by its tall, narrow columnar form. The Lombardy poplar is widely used in ornamental landscape plantings, particularly among the villas of Italy and elsewhere in southern Europe; the tree derives its common name from its abundant use along the rivers of Lombardy, although other varieties are often planted today. The white, black, and Lombardy poplars are widely planted in the eastern United States and in Canada.

      The balsam poplar, or tacamahac (P. tacamahaca or P. balsamifera), which is native throughout northern North America in swampy soil, is distinguished by its aromatic, resinous buds. The buds of the similar balm of Gilead poplar (P. jackii) are used to make an ointment. Western balsam poplar, or black cottonwood (P. trichocarpa), 60 metres (195 feet) tall, is one of the largest deciduous trees of northwestern North America.

      The name Populus refers to the fact that the trees were often planted around public meeting places in Roman times.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Poplar — steht für: ein Stadtteil im Londoner Stadtbezirk Tower Hamlets, siehe Poplar (London) Metropolitan Borough of Poplar, ehemaliger Stadtbezirk von London eine Haltestelle der Docklands Light Railway in London, siehe Poplar (DLR) die englische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poplar — Poplar, WI U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 552 Housing Units (2000): 222 Land area (2000): 11.922486 sq. miles (30.879095 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012900 sq. miles (0.033412 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.935386 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Poplar — Pop lar, n. [OE. popler, OF. poplier, F. peuplier, fr. L. populus poplar.] (Bot.) 1. Any tree of the genus {Populus}; also, the timber, which is soft, and capable of many uses. [1913 Webster] Note: The aspen poplar is {Populus tremula} and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • POPLAR — (Heb. צַפְצָפָה), tree. The Populus euphratica grows wild on the banks of the Jordan. Its leaves are usually broad though some are long and narrow, resembling those of the willow. In Israel the white poplar, Populus alba, is grown as an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Poplar, CA — Poplar Cotton Center, CA U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 1496 Housing Units (2000): 367 Land area (2000): 1.275894 sq. miles (3.304549 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Poplar, MT — U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 911 Housing Units (2000): 350 Land area (2000): 0.267472 sq. miles (0.692750 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.267472 sq. miles (0.692750 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Poplar, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 552 Housing Units (2000): 222 Land area (2000): 11.922486 sq. miles (30.879095 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012900 sq. miles (0.033412 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.935386 sq. miles (30.912507 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • poplar — mid 14c., from Anglo Norm. popler, from O.Fr. poplier (13c., Mod.Fr. peulplier), from L. populus poplar (with a long o; not the same word that produced popular). Perhaps related to Gk. pelea elm. It. pioppo, Sp. chopo, Ger. pappel, O.C.S. topoli… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Poplar [1] — Poplar, nordamerikan. Pappelholz, s. Pappel …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Poplar [2] — Poplar, ein Verwaltungsbezirk im O. Londons, im NW. von Greenwich, umfaßt außer dem eigentlichen Stadtteil P. (58,514 Einw.) Bow und Bromley, mit zusammen (1901) 168,822 Einw. Darin liegen die Ost und Westindia Docks und die Millwall Docks. Von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Poplar — Poplar, Stadtteil Londons, nördl. von den West India Docks, (1901) 168.822 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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