Pope


Pope
/pohp/, n.
1. Alexander, 1688-1744, English poet.
2. John, 1822-92, Union general in the U.S. Civil War.
3. John Russell, 1874-1937, U.S. architect.

* * *

died 1692, San Juan Pueblo, New Spain

Tewa Pueblo medicine man.

Believing he was guided by tribal ancestral spirits (kachinas), Popé led an Indian revolt in 1680 against the Spanish invaders in what is now the southwestern U.S. The rebellion, known as the Pueblo Revolt, drove the Spanish out of Santa Fe and temporarily restored the old Pueblo way of life. Popé was accorded great honours, but success made him despotic. Although he was eventually deposed, he was reelected Pueblo leader in 1688.

* * *

▪ Tewa Pueblo leader
died 1692, San Juan Pueblo New Spain [now in New Mexico, U.S.]

      Tewa Pueblo who led an all-Indian revolt in 1680 against the Spanish invaders in what is now the southwestern United States, driving them out of Santa Fe and temporarily restoring the old Pueblo way of life.

      Little is known of Popé's life before 1675. In that year he was imprisoned by Spanish authorities on suspicion of witchcraft and of killing several missionaries. Since the expedition led by Francisco Vázquez de Coronado (Coronado, Francisco Vázquez de) that had begun Spanish colonization of the Southwest in 1540, hundreds of Pueblo individuals had been impressed into virtual slavery or, if they dared open resistance, executed. (The staff of the missions and garrisons established by the Spanish were often cruel and wanton; their own records indicate that they frequently engaged in beatings, maiming, rape, and other forms of torture, as well as execution by burning at the stake.) After his release from prison, Popé hid in Taos Pueblo (Pueblo Rebellion) to plan and organize what came to be known as the Pueblo Revolt. Popé believed that he was commanded by tribal ancestral spirits (kachinas) to restore traditional native customs, and other villages enthusiastically responded to news of the planned uprising.

      On Aug. 10, 1680, Popé led a united attack of almost all the Pueblo Indian tribes on the Spanish capital of Santa Fe, killing nearly 500. After 10 days nearly 1,000 besieged residents abandoned the city and fled to El Paso del Norte. Popé immediately set about erasing all vestiges of Spanish culture and the Christian religion. Restoring ancestral ways, he traveled from one pueblo to another in ceremonial dress. For a time he was accorded great honour, but success made him despotic; and after a few years, drought, enemy tribe forays, and internal dissension combined to depose him. He was, however, reelected Pueblo leader in 1688, shortly before his death. Although Spanish rule was reestablished in 1692, the alien domination was never as strong as before the time of Popé.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pope — pope …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • pope —     The Pope     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Pope     (Ecclesiastical Latin papa from Greek papas, a variant of pappas father, in classical Latin pappas Juvenal, Satires 6:633).     The title pope, once used with far greater latitude (see below …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • POPE (A.) — Le plus grand poète classique anglais, poète des salons, de la ville et de la vie sociale, a dû toujours vivre en marge de la société et en dehors de Londres. Il était en effet catholique et en tant que tel exclu de la vie de la capitale. Pope… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Popé — Statue im San Juan Publo, New Mexico vor der Verschiffung nach Washington, Mai 2005. Popé (* 1630; † 1688) war der Führer und Organisator des Pueblo Aufstands von 1680. Er gehörte zum Volk der San Juan Pueblo Indianer, die seit Jahrzehnten, genau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pope — [ pɔp ] n. m. • 1656; popi 1606; gr. pappos « grand père », et russe pop ♦ Prêtre de l Église orthodoxe slave (⇒ papas). « Un pope ou moine d aspect oriental chanta avec un acolyte une de ces belles mélodies du rite grec » (Gautier). ⊗ HOM. Pop.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pope — ist eine (veraltete, oft abwertend gemeinte) Bezeichnung für Priester der Orthodoxen Kirchen, siehe Orthodoxe Kirchen #Weihe und Amt die englische Bezeichnung für Papst ein Name, siehe Pope (Familienname) Pope bezeichnet in der Geografie Pope… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pope — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pope puede hacer referencia a: Alexander Pope, poeta británico. Don Pope, atleta estadounidense. Eddie Pope, futbolista estadounidense. Henry Pope, personaje de la serie de televisión Prison Break. Pope, sacerdote… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Popé — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Popé (Po pay) (h. 1630 – antes de 1692) fue un líder religioso Tiwa de la tribu San Juan, que encabezó en 1680 la Revolución Pueblo o Rebelión de Popé contra el mandato colonial español. Popé es uno de los 47 Nativos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pope — Vannoy Landing, AK U.S. Census Designated Place in Alaska Population (2000): 8 Housing Units (2000): 19 Land area (2000): 48.830214 sq. miles (126.469668 sq. km) Water area (2000): 8.428282 sq. miles (21.829150 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Pope — [pəup US poup] n [Date: 800 900; : Late Latin; Origin: papa, from Greek pappas, papas father , used as a title of bishops] 1.) the leader of the Roman Catholic church →↑papal ▪ The Pope will visit El Salvador this year. ▪ Pope John XXIII 2.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Pope — (p[=o]p), n. [AS. p[=a]pa, L. papa father, bishop. Cf. {Papa}, {Papal}.] 1. Any ecclesiastic, esp. a bishop. [Obs.] Foxe. [1913 Webster] 2. The bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. See {Note} under {Cardinal}. [1913 Webster] 3.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.