1. a member of a North American Indian people formerly of northern Nebraska, now living mostly in northern Oklahoma.2. the Siouan language of the Ponca, mutually intelligible with Omaha.
* * *▪ peopleNorth American Indians of the Dhegiha branch of the Siouan (Siouan languages) language family. The Ponca were never a large tribe; an early estimate places their number at 800 individuals. Perhaps because of their small population, they have moved frequently over the past several centuries. Their original locale is thought to have been in what is now the U.S. state of Virginia, from which they moved in turn to the present states of North and South Carolina, western Missouri, and Minnesota. They left Minnesota in the late 17th century owing to incursions by the Dakota Sioux.The Ponca eventually established homes in what are now southwestern Minnesota and the Black Hills of South Dakota. Like many other Plains Indians (Plains Indian), they resided in semipermanent agricultural villages and lived in earth lodges. During the spring and autumn hunting seasons they engaged in communal bison hunts and camped in tepees.By 1804, when they were encountered by Lewis and Clark (Lewis and Clark Expedition), a smallpox epidemic had reduced the tribe to about 200 individuals. In 1865 the Ponca were guaranteed a reservation on their homelands, but after bureaucratic blundering the land was awarded to the Dakota, and the Ponca were forcibly removed to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). The tribe found living conditions there unbearable; led by Chief Standing Bear, they traveled north on foot for 600 miles (965 km) to eastern Nebraska, where they received asylum from the Omaha. Many Ponca were arrested for leaving their assigned territory but were freed after a young Omaha woman named Susette La Flesche convinced a group of wealthy and sympathetic individuals to defend the Ponca cause in court. The tribe later moved back to Oklahoma.In the early 21st century Ponca descendants numbered approximately 5,000 individuals.
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ponça — ponça … Dictionnaire des rimes
Ponca — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ponca, grupo nativo norteamericano de 3.200 indivuduos, muchos de los cuales viven en el área federal en fideicomiso de la tribu ponca (Ponca tribe federal trust area), en los condados de Kay y noble, Oklahoma, (EE.… … Wikipedia Español
Ponca — steht für: Ponca (Indianervolk) Ponca (Gattung), eine Heuschrecken Gattung Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ponca — Ponca, NE U.S. city in Nebraska Population (2000): 1062 Housing Units (2000): 425 Land area (2000): 0.704172 sq. miles (1.823797 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.704172 sq. miles (1.823797 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ponca, NE — U.S. city in Nebraska Population (2000): 1062 Housing Units (2000): 425 Land area (2000): 0.704172 sq. miles (1.823797 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.704172 sq. miles (1.823797 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ponca — ☆ Ponca [päŋ′kə ] n. [Ponca pan ka, self designation ] 1. pl. Poncas or Ponca a member of a North American Indian people living in Nebraska and Oklahoma 2. the Siouan language of this people, a dialect of Omaha adj. of the Poncas or their… … English World dictionary
Ponca — ethnic group group=Ponca poptime=1,300 popplace=United States (Nebraska, Oklahoma) rels=Christianity, other langs=English, Omaha Ponca related=other Siouan peoples The Ponca (Páⁿka iyé: Páⁿka or Ppáⁿkka pronounced|ˈpːãŋkːa) are a Native American… … Wikipedia
Ponca — Grupo nativo norteamericano de 3.200 indivuduos, muchos de los cuales viven en el área federal en fideicomiso de la tribu ponca (Ponca tribe federal trust area), en los condados de Kay y noble, Oklahoma, EE.UU.. Algunos también viven en Nebraska … Enciclopedia Universal
Ponca — Original name in latin Ponca Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 42.5625 latitude 96.70559 altitude 346 Population 961 Date 2011 05 14 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Ponca — Sp Pònca Ap Ponza L s. Ponto ss., P Italija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė