/pol'ig noh"teuhs/, n.fl. c450 B.C., Greek painter.
* * *or Polygnotosdied с 440 BC, Athens, GreeceGreek painter.None of his works are extant, but accounts exist of monumental wall paintings in a severely Classical style at the hall of the Cnidians at Delphi: Sack of Troy and Ulysses Visiting Hades. His compositions were noted for the expression of emotion on faces and for the distribution of figures throughout the composition rather than on a single base line, as was the convention of the day.
* * *▪ Greek artistborn c. 500 BC, Thasos, Thracedied c. 440 BC, Athenspainter famed for his large monumental wall paintings in a severely classical style, none of which is extant. He lived in Athens and eventually acquired citizenship.The Greek traveler Pausanias left an account of two paintings in the hall of the Cnidian at Delphi: the “Iliupersis” (“Sack of Troy”) and the “Nekyia” (“Ulysses Visiting Hades”). Idealized figures approximately life size were freely distributed within the composition: in Greek painting of the first half of the 5th century BC this method represents an innovation, though precedents existed elsewhere, notably in Assyrian art. It constitutes a break with the ancient Greek principle of arranging figures on a single base line; Polygnotus replaced the horizontal base lines by irregular mounting or descending terrain lines. Comparable representations can be found in contemporary vase paintings, perhaps under his influence. There was no unifying perspective in the modern sense; the individual figure remained the focus of interest even when several figures were grouped together. Stateliness was paired with subtlety of detail: delicate headdresses of women, transparent garments, mouths with parted lips uncovering the teeth. Polygnotus employed sharp foreshortening and four basic colours: black, white, red, and ochre. The “ethos,” which later critics, including Aristotle (Poetics, ch. 6), valued so highly in his work, indicates a concept of character as an innate disposition, governing the actions and manifest in a person's outward bearing.
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Polygnotus — (Πολύγνωτος) was an ancient Greek painter from the middle of the 5th century BC, son of Aglaophon. He was a native of Thasos, but was adopted by the Athenians, and admitted to their citizenship.He painted for them in the time of Cimon a picture… … Wikipedia
Polygnotus — Polygnotus, griech. Maler aus Thasus, 450–410 v. Chr., der erste, welcher eine künstlerische Composition durchführte u. mit 4 Farben malte; schmückt die Pökile zu Athen, den Dioskurentempel, die Lesche der Knidier zu Delphi den Minerventempel zu… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
POLYGNOTUS — patriâ Thasius, floruit Olymp. 93. pictor antiquissimus. Quintil. l. 12. c. 10. et Plin. l. 33. c. 13. et l. 34. c. 8. et l. 35. c. 6. 9. et 11. Videndi quoque sunt Plutarch. in Cimone, Pausan. l. 10. et Aelian. l. 4. Var. Hist. c. 3. Item… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Polygnotus — [päl΄ig nōt′əs] 5th cent. B.C.; Gr. painter … English World dictionary
Polygnotus — biographical name circa 500 circa 440 B.C. Greek painter … New Collegiate Dictionary
POLYGNOTUS — an early Greek painter, born in Thasos, and settled in Athens 463 B.C.; is considered the founder of historical painting, and is praised especially by Aristotle, who pays a high tribute to him; was the first to attempt portrait painting and… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Polygnotus — /pɒləgˈnoʊtəs/ (say poluhg nohtuhs) noun fl. c. 450 BC, Greek painter … Australian English dictionary
Polygnotus — /pol ig noh teuhs/, n. fl. c450 B.C., Greek painter … Useful english dictionary
Polygnotus (disambiguation) — *Polygnotus was an ancient Greek painter from the middle of the 5th century BC *Polygnotos (vase painter) was an ancient vase painter. *Polygnotus (crater) is a crater on Mercury … Wikipedia
Polygnotus (crater) — Mercury crater data latitude= 0 N or S=N longitude= 68.5 E or W=W diameter=130 km eponym= Polygnotus Polygnotus is a crater on Mercury.This basin has a central peak ring and is embayed with smooth plains material, which is very different in… … Wikipedia