Polycrates

Polycrates
/peuh lik"reuh teez'/, n.
died 522? B.C., Greek tyrant of Samos.

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flourished 6th century BC

Tyrant of the Aegean island of Samos с 535–522 BC.

He seized sole control during a festival of Hera, eliminating his two brothers, who shared his power. He quickly became notorious for piracy, as he sought to dominate nearby islands and Ionia. Initially a supporter of Egypt, he joined the Persians against Egypt in 525. Attempts by his opponents to remove him were unsuccessful until the Persian governor of Sardis lured him to the mainland and had him crucified. Polycrates brought wealth and prominence to Samos and was a patron of writers, including Anacreon.

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▪ tyrant of Samos
flourished 6th century BC

      tyrant (c. 535–522 BC) of the island of Samos, in the Aegean Sea, who established Samian naval supremacy in the eastern Aegean and strove for control of the archipelago and mainland towns of Ionia.

      Polycrates seized control of the city of Samos during a celebration of a festival of Hera outside the city walls. After eliminating his two brothers, who had at first shared his power, he established a despotism, and ships from his 100-vessel fleet committed acts of piracy that made him notorious throughout Greece. He made an alliance with Egypt, but, when the Persians advanced against Egypt in 525 BC, he abandoned his ally and sent a squadron of 40 ships to join the Persian fleet. He took the opportunity to send his main political opponents with the squadron; they deserted, however, and, supported by Spartans, attempted unsuccessfully to dislodge the tyrant. He maintained his ascendance until about 522, when Oroetes, Persian governor of Sardis, lured him to the mainland and had him crucified.

      In addition to the political and commercial preeminence that his reign brought to Samos, Polycrates was also a patron of letters; the poet Anacreon lived at his court.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Polycrates — ( el. Πολυκράτης), son of Aeaces, was the tyrant of Samos from c. 538 BC to 522 BC. He took power during a festival of Hera with his brothers Pantagnotus and Syloson, but soon had Pantagnotus killed and exiled Syloson to take full control for… …   Wikipedia

  • POLYCRATES — I. POLYCRATES Olymp. 62. Sami Tyrannus, opibus et felicitate apud historicos inclitus, qui, quoad vixit, non tam fortunae alumnus dici potuit, quam partus. Nam aliquando, ut aliquid infortunii habuisse videretur, annulum proiecit, in mare, quem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Polycrates, S. (1) — 1S. Polycrates (25. Mai), Martyrer zu Dorostorum. S. S. Pasicrates …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Polycrates — biographical name died circa 522 B.C. tyrant of Samos …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Polycrates (2) — 2Polycrates, ein gelehrter, der römischen Kirche treu ergebener Bischof von Ephesus im zweiten Jahrhundert …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • POLYCRATES —    the tyrant of Samos, and friend of Anacreon and art and literature generally; formed an alliance with Amasis, king of Egypt, who, struck with his prosperity, ascribed it to the envy of the gods, insinuating that they intended his ruin thereby …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Polycrates — /pəˈlɪkrətiz/ (say puh likruhteez) noun died 522? BC, Greek tyrant of Samos …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Polycrates — /peuh lik reuh teez /, n. died 522? B.C., Greek tyrant of Samos …   Useful english dictionary

  • Polycrates of Ephesus — (flourished c.130 196) was an early Christian leader who resided in Ephesus. He should not be confused with Polycrates of Samos. Roberts and Donaldson noted that Polycrates belonged to a family in which he was the eighth Christian bishop; and he… …   Wikipedia

  • Polycrates complex — In psychology, a Polycrates Complex is a desire to be punished. [cite web url=http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0033 5770(194606)21%3A2%3C206%3AMMASAP%3E2.0.CO%3B2 T title=JSTOR: The Quarterly Review of Biology: Vol. 21, No. 2 (Jun., 1946), pp.… …   Wikipedia


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