plow


plow
plowable, adj.plowability, n.plower, n.
/plow/, n.
1. an agricultural implement used for cutting, lifting, turning over, and partly pulverizing soil.
2. any of various implements resembling or suggesting this, as a kind of plane for cutting grooves or a contrivance for clearing away snow from a road or track.
3. Type Founding. (formerly) an instrument for cutting the groove in the foot of type.
4. Bookbinding. a device for trimming the edges of the leaves by hand.
5. (cap.) Astron.
a. the constellation Ursa Major.
b. the Big Dipper.
v.t.
6. to turn up (soil) with a plow.
7. to make (a furrow) with a plow.
8. to tear up, cut into, or make a furrow, groove, etc. in (a surface) with or as if with a plow (often fol. by up): The tractor plowed up an acre of trees.
9. to clear by the use of a plow, esp. a snowplow (sometimes fol. by out): The city's work crews were busily plowing the streets after the blizzard.
10. to invest, as capital (often fol. by into): to plow several hundred million into developing new oil fields.
11. to reinvest or reutilize (usually fol. by back): to plow profits back into new plants and equipment.
12. (of a ship, boat, animal, etc.)
a. to cleave the surface of (the water): beavers plowing the pond.
b. to make (a way) or follow (a course) in this manner: The yacht plowed an easterly course through the choppy Atlantic.
13. Slang (vulgar). to have sexual intercourse with.
v.i.
14. to till the soil or work with a plow.
15. to take plowing in a specified way: land that plows easily.
16. to move forcefully through something in the manner of a plow (often fol. by through, into, along, etc.): The cop plowed through the crowd, chasing after the thief. The car plowed into our house.
17. to proceed in a slow, laborious, and steady manner (often fol. by through): The researcher plowed through a pile of reports.
18. to move through water by cleaving the surface: a ship plowing through a turbulent sea.
19. plow under,
a. to bury under soil by plowing.
b. to cause to disappear; force out of existence; overwhelm: Many mom-and-pop groceries have been plowed under by the big chain stores.
Also, esp. Brit., plough.
[bef. 1100; ME plouh, plugh(e), plough(e), OE ploh; c. G Pflug plow]

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Most important agricultural implement since the beginning of history, used to turn and break up soil, to bury crop residues, and to help control weeds.

The forerunner of the plow is the prehistoric digging stick. The earliest plows were undoubtedly digging sticks with handles for pulling or pushing. By Roman times, plows were pulled by oxen or horses, and today they are drawn by tractors.

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also spelled  plough 
 most important agricultural implement since the beginning of history, used to turn and break up soil, to bury crop residues, and to help control weeds.

      The antecedent of the plow is the prehistoric digging stick. The earliest plows were doubtless digging sticks fashioned with handles for pulling or pushing. By Roman times, light, wheelless plows with iron shares (blades) were drawn by oxen; these implements could break up the topsoil of the Mediterranean regions but could not handle the heavier soils of northwestern Europe. The wheeled plow, at first drawn by oxen but later by horses, made possible the northward spread of European agriculture. The 18th-century addition of the moldboard, which turned the furrow slice cut by the plowshare, was an important advance. In the mid-19th century the black prairie soils of the American Midwest challenged the strength of the existing plow, and American mechanic John Deere (Deere, John) invented the all-steel one-piece share and moldboard. The three-wheel sulky plow followed and, with the introduction of the gasoline engine, the tractor-drawn plow.

      In its simplest form the moldboard plow consists of the share, the broad blade that cuts through the soil; the moldboard, for turning the furrow slice; and the landside, a plate on the opposite side from the moldboard that absorbs the side thrust of the turning action. Horse-drawn moldboard plows, which are no longer commonly used, have a single bottom (share and moldboard), while tractor-drawn plows have from 1 to 14 hydraulically lifted and controlled bottoms staggered in tandem. Listers and middlebusters are double-moldboard plows that leave a furrow by throwing the dirt both ways.

 Disk plows usually have three or more individually mounted concave disks that are inclined backward to achieve maximum depth. They are particularly adapted for use in hard, dry soils, shrubby or bushy land, or on rocky land. Disk tillers, also called harrow plows or one-way disk plows, usually consist of a gang of many disks mounted on one axle (see harrow). Used after grain harvest, they usually leave some stubble to help reduce wind erosion and often have seeding equipment. Two-way (reversible) plows have disks or moldboards that can be either opposed, so that one fills the trench made by the other, or set to throw the soil entirely to the right or left.

      Rotary plows or tillers (sometimes called rototillers) have curved cutting knives mounted on a horizontal power-driven shaft. The pronged rotary hoe, a plow used chiefly for seedbed and weed control, works well at high speed. Garden sizes cut swaths from 1 to 2.5 feet (about 0.33 to 0.8 metre) wide; tractor types, more than 10 feet.

 Deep tillage implements, used chiefly to break up hardpan and packed soils, include the subsoiler and the chisel plow. The subsoiler must be pulled by a heavy tractor, for its steel-pointed shank is capable of penetrating the subsoil to a depth of three feet. The chisel plow, or ripper, has several rigid or spring-toothed shanks with double pointed shovels mounted on a transverse bar at intervals of one to three feet. Plowing depths vary from a few inches to 1.5 feet.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plow — Plow, Plough Plough (plou), n. [OE. plouh, plou, AS. pl[=o]h; akin to D. ploeg, G. pflug, OHG. pfluog, pfluoh, Icel. pl[=o]gr, Sw. plog, Dan. ploug, plov, Russ. plug , Lith. plugas.] 1. A well known implement, drawn by horses, mules, oxen, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plow — Plow, Plough Plough, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Plowed} (ploud) or {Ploughed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Plowing} or {Ploughing}.] 1. To turn up, break up, or trench, with a plow; to till with, or as with, a plow; as, to plow the ground; to plow a field. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plow — [plou] n. [ME ploh < Late OE, akin to Ger pflug, ON plógr < Gmc * plog < native Alpine (Rhaetian) base > Langobardic plovum] 1. a farm implement used to cut, turn up, and break up the soil ☆ 2. any implement like this; specif., a)… …   English World dictionary

  • plow — plow·able; plow; plow·er; plow·land; plow·man; plow·right·ia; …   English syllables

  • Plow — Plow, Plough Plough (plou), v. i. To labor with, or as with, a plow; to till or turn up the soil with a plow; to prepare the soil or bed for anything. Shak. [1913 Webster] Doth the plowman plow all day to sow ? Isa. xxviii. 24. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plow — (Brit. plough) ► NOUN 1) a large farming implement with one or more blades fixed in a frame, drawn over soil to turn it over and cut furrows. 2) (the Plow) a prominent formation of seven stars in the constellation Ursa Major (the Great Bear). ►… …   English terms dictionary

  • plow on — [phrasal verb] : to continue doing something that is slow and difficult I was discouraged, but I plowed on. • • • Main Entry: ↑plow …   Useful english dictionary

  • plow — [plau] n, v the usual American spelling of ↑plough …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • plow — [v] dig up ground for cultivation break, break ground, bulldoze, cultivate, farm, furrow, harrow, harvest, list, push, rake, reap, ridge, rush, shove, smash, till, trench, turn, turn over; concept 178 Ant. fill …   New thesaurus

  • plow — Synonyms and related words: all crop harvester, backset, baler, bank, bean harvester, beet harvester, binder, break, breaker, canal, canalize, carve, cast plow, chamfer, channel, chisel, combine, corrugate, cotton picker, crab, crack, crimp,… …   Moby Thesaurus


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