platoon


platoon
/pleuh toohn"/, n.
1. a military unit consisting of two or more squads or sections and a headquarters.
2. a small unit of a police force.
3. a company or group of persons: a platoon of visitors.
4. Football. a group of players specially trained in one aspect of the game, as offense or defense, and used as a unit: a halfback on the offensive platoon.
v.t.
5. Sports.
a. to use (a player) at a position in a game alternately with another player or players.
b. to alternate (two different teams or units), as separate offensive and defensive squads.
v.i.
6. Sports.
a. to alternate at a position with another player or players.
b. to use players alternately at the same position.
c. to alternate different teams.
[1630-40; earlier plotton < F peloton little ball, group, platoon, dim. of pelote ball. See PELLET, -OON]

* * *

Principal subdivision of a military company, battery, or troop.

Usually commanded by a lieutenant, it consists of 25–50 soldiers organized into two or more squads led by noncommissioned officers. The term was first used in the 17th century to refer to a small body of musketeers who fired together in a volley alternately with another platoon. It has been used in U.S. military manuals since 1779, and throughout the 19th century it meant half a company. It was reintroduced into the British army in 1913. See also military unit.

* * *

      principal subdivision of a military company, battery, or troop. Usually commanded by a lieutenant, it consists of from 25 to 50 men organized into two or more sections, or squads, led by noncommissioned officers.

      In the 17th century the term referred to a small body of musketeers who fired together in a volley alternately with another platoon, and it has always retained some sense of systematic alternate employment. Hence “platoon fire” meant a regulated fire of alternating platoon volleys, and “platoon” sometimes referred to the volley itself. In the 18th century, battalions were often organized for tactical purposes into 16 platoons of about 24 men each, plus 2 or 4 platoons of grenadiers or light infantry.

      The term platoon has been used in U.S. military manuals since 1779 and throughout the 19th century meant half a company. The platoon was reintroduced into the British Army in 1913.

      The “platoon system” in municipal police and U.S. baseball and gridiron-football organizations signifies the use of two or more shifts or teams of comparable strength that alternate on duty.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Platoon — Oliver Stone, présentation du film au festival de Cannes 2006, en présence de Charlie Sheen, Willem Dafoe, Tom Berenger Données clés Ti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Platoon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Platoon Título Platoon Pelotón (en América Latina) Ficha técnica Dirección Oliver Stone Producción Arnold Kopelson …   Wikipedia Español

  • platoon — [plə to͞on′] n. [Fr peloton, a ball, group, platoon < OFr pelote, a ball: see PELLET] 1. a military unit composed of two or more squads or sections, normally under the command of a lieutenant: it is a subdivision of a company, troop, etc. 2. a …   English World dictionary

  • Platoon — Разработчик Ocean Software Издатель Ocean Software SunSoft для NES Дата выпуска 1987 Commodore 64, Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Apple II, Atari ST, DOS, ZX Spectrum 1 …   Википедия

  • Platoon — Pla*toon , n. [F. peloton a ball of thread, a knot or group of men, a platoon, from pelote a ball formed of things wound round. See {Pellet}.] (Mil.) (a) Formerly, a body of men who fired together; also, a small square body of soldiers to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • platoon — (n.) 1630s, from Fr. peloton platoon, group of people (15c.), from M.Fr. peloton, lit. little ball, hence, agglomeration, dim. of O.Fr. pelote ball (see PELLET (Cf. pellet)). The verb, in baseball, to alternate (a player) with another in the same …   Etymology dictionary

  • platoon — ► NOUN ▪ a subdivision of a company of soldiers, usually commanded by a subaltern or lieutenant and divided into three sections. ORIGIN French peloton platoon , literally small ball …   English terms dictionary

  • Platoon — es una película de guerra, ambientanda en Vietnam. Fue dirigida por Oliver Stone y estelarizada por Tom Berenger, Willem Dafoe, Charlie Sheen y Forest Whitaker. Oliver Stone participó en la guerra de Vietnam, y luego de su regreso comenzó a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Platoon —    Film de guerre d Oliver Stone, avec Tom Berenger, Charlie Sheen, Willem Dafoe.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1986   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 2 h   Prix: Oscar du meilleur film (1986)    Résumé    Chris, engagé volontaire au Viêt Nam …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • platoon — [n] group of military people army, array, batch, battery, bunch, clump, cluster, company, detachment, lot, outfit, parcel, patrol, set, squad, squadron, team, troop, unit; concepts 322,417 …   New thesaurus

  • Platoon — A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two to four sections or squads and containing about 30 to 50 soldiers. Platoons are organised into a company, which typically consists of three, four or five platoons. A platoon is typically the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.