plane


plane
plane1
planeness, n.
/playn/, n., adj., v., planed, planing.
n.
1. a flat or level surface.
2. Geom. a surface generated by a straight line moving at a constant velocity with respect to a fixed point.
3. Fine Arts. an area of a two-dimensional surface having determinate extension and spatial direction or position: oblique plane; horizontal plane.
4. a level of dignity, character, existence, development, or the like: a high moral plane.
5. Aeron.
a. an airplane or a hydroplane: to take a plane to Dallas.
b. a thin, flat or curved, extended section of an airplane or a hydroplane, affording a supporting surface.
6. Archit. a longitudinal section through the axis of a column.
adj.
7. flat or level, as a surface.
8. of or pertaining to planes or plane figures.
v.i.
9. to glide or soar.
10. (of a boat) to rise partly out of the water when moving at high speed.
11. Informal. to fly or travel in an airplane: We'll drive to Detroit and plane to Los Angeles.
[1400-50 for sense "to soar"; 1640-50 for n. and adj. senses; (n.) < L planum flat surface (n. use of planus flat); (adj.) < L planus; first used to distinguish the geometrical senses formerly belonging to PLAIN1; in def. 5, shortened form of AIRPLANE, AEROPLANE, or HYDROPLANE; (v.) late ME planen (of a bird) to soar (cf. MF planer); akin to PLAIN1]
Syn. 4. stratum, stage. 7. smooth, even, flush.
plane2
/playn/, n., v., planed, planing.
n.
1. Carpentry. any of various woodworking instruments for paring, truing, or smoothing, or for forming moldings, chamfers, rabbets, grooves, etc., by means of an inclined, adjustable blade moved along and against the piece being worked.
2. a trowellike tool for smoothing the surface of clay in a brick mold.
v.t.
3. to smooth or dress with or as if with a plane or a planer.
4. to remove by or as if by means of a plane (usually fol. by away or off).
v.i.
5. to work with a plane.
6. to function as a plane.
[1275-1325; (n.) ME ( < MF) < LL plana, deriv. of planare to smooth, itself deriv. of L planus PLAIN1; (v.) ME planen ( < MF planer) < LL planare]
plane3
/playn/, n.
[1350-1400; ME < MF < L platanus < Gk plátanos, deriv. of platýs broad, FLAT1 (with reference to the leaves)]

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tool
      in carpentry, tool made in a wide variety of sizes, used for removing rough surfaces on wood and for reducing it to size. An iron-soled carpenter's plane, found on the site of a Roman town, near Silchester, Hampshire, Eng., dates from before AD 400. Many European guild craftsmen of the Middle Ages worked with beautifully decorated metal planes. Planes today are mostly machine-made, of wood and steel. Plow, or grooving, planes are used for forming channels or grooves; a wide variety of special models are employed for running moldings.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • plané — plané …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • plane — [ plan ] n. f. • XIVe; plaine XIIe; réfect., d apr. le v. planer, de l a. fr. plaine, bas lat. plana ♦ Techn. Outil formé d une lame tranchante et de deux poignées, appelé aussi couteau à deux manches, qui sert à aplanir, à dégrossir une surface… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • plané — plane [ plan ] n. f. • XIVe; plaine XIIe; réfect., d apr. le v. planer, de l a. fr. plaine, bas lat. plana ♦ Techn. Outil formé d une lame tranchante et de deux poignées, appelé aussi couteau à deux manches, qui sert à aplanir, à dégrossir une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Plane — Plane, a. [L. planus: cf. F. plan. See {Plan}, a.] Without elevations or depressions; even; level; flat; lying in, or constituting, a plane; as, a plane surface. [1913 Webster] Note: In science, this word (instead of plain) is almost exclusively… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane — Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a like… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plane — 1. (pla n ) s. m. Nom vulgaire donné à une espèce d érable que les botanistes appellent érable plane, acer platanoides, L. •   Des gazons émaillés l ornaient [une fontaine] tout alentour ; Un plane l ombrageait de son vaste contour, SÉNECÉ… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • plane — UK US /pleɪn/ noun [C] ► an aircraft with wings and one or more engines: a plane for/to/from sth »I ll get the next plane to London. on/in a plane »He s on a plane at the moment, on his way to Chicago. a plane leaves/takes off/lands »The plane… …   Financial and business terms

  • plane — plane1 [plān] n. [ME < MFr plasne < L platanus < Gr platanos < platys, broad (see PLATY ): from its broad leaves] any of a genus (Platanus) of trees of the plane tree family having maplelike leaves, spherical dry fruits, and bark that …   English World dictionary

  • plane — Ⅰ. plane [1] ► NOUN 1) a flat surface on which a straight line joining any two points would wholly lie. 2) a level of existence or thought. ► ADJECTIVE 1) completely level or flat. 2) relating to two dimensional surfaces or magnitudes …   English terms dictionary

  • Plane — Plane, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Planed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Planing}.] [Cf. F. planer, L. planare, fr. planus. See {Plane}, a., {Plain}, a., and cf. {Planish}.] 1. To make smooth; to level; to pare off the inequalities of the surface of, as of a board… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane — Plane, n. [F., fr. L. platanus, Gr. ?, fr. ? broad; so called on account of its broad leaves and spreading form. See {Place}, and cf. {Platane}, {Plantain} the tree.] (Bot.) Any tree of the genus {Platanus}. [1913 Webster] Note: The Oriental… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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