Piraeus


Piraeus
/puy ree"euhs, pi ray"-/, n.
a seaport in SE Greece: the port of Athens. 186,223.
Also, Peiraeus. Greek, Peiraievs.

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City (pop., 2001: 175,697), port of Athens, Greece.

The port and its "long walls," fortified barriers connecting it with Athens, were completed in the mid-5th century BC. The walls were destroyed by Sparta at the end of the Peloponnesian War. Rebuilt under the Athenian leader Conon in 393 BC, Piraeus was burned in 86 BC by the Roman commander Lucius Cornelius Sulla. The city regained importance after AD 1834, when Athens became capital of the newly independent Greece. The largest port in Greece, it is the centre for all sea communication with the Greek islands.

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Greece
Modern Greek  Piraiévs,  
 city that is the port of Athens, Greece. Piraeus lies on Phaleron Bay, about 6 miles (10 km) southwest of Athens by highway. The main harbour, Kántharos (ancient Cantharus), is enclosed on the west by the small Ietionía peninsula, on the south by the main Akti peninsula (the Peraïki sector of the port), and on the east by the hill of Munychia (modern Kastélla).

      In the 7th and 6th centuries BC the Athenians used Phaleron Bay for mooring, since the present port was separated from the mainland by marshes. The Athenian statesman Themistocles persuaded his colleagues about 493 BC to fortify and use Piraeus for the new Athenian fleet, though its fortifications were not completed until after 479. Soon after 460 the Long Walls from the base of Munychia to Athens were built, thereby ensuring communications between Athens and its port in the event of a siege. The street pattern of modern Piraeus still approximates the rectangular grid designed for the new town by the architect Hippodamus of Miletus. The Spartans captured Piraeus at the close of the Peloponnesian War and demolished the Long Walls and the port's fortifications in 404. They were rebuilt under the Athenian leader Conon in 393 BC. In 86 BC the Roman commander Lucius Cornelius Sulla destroyed the city, and it was insignificant from that time until its revival after 1834, when Athens became the capital of newly independent Greece. In 1854–59, following the Crimean War, Piraeus was occupied by the Anglo-French fleet to forestall Greek expansionist intentions. Piraeus was bombed by the Germans in 1941 during World War II.

      The modern port has been rebuilt since the bombings of World War II. It is the largest in Greece and is the centre of all sea communication with the Greek islands. Piraeus is also the terminal station for all the main Greek railways and is linked to Athens by electric railway and superhighway. The city has grown considerably since World War II, with many new factories on its outskirts (mainly for the engineering and chemical industries) as well as shipyards. There is a naval academy and an archaeological museum, with statuary and pottery from both the Greek and Roman periods. Pop. (1991 prelim.) 169,622.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Piräeus — Piräeus, der größte von den drei Häfen des alten Athen, im Südwesten der Stadt, mit welcher er (s.d.) durch befestigte Mauern verbunden war, von denen noch Überreste zu sehen sind. In früheren Jahrh., zur Zeit der fränkischen u. venetianischen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Piräeus — (Peiraieus), bergige Halbinsel, 8 km südöstlich von Athen (s. Karte »Umgebung von Athen«), mit dem zu 86,5 m Höhe ansteigenden Berg Munichia, der in mazedonischer Zeit eine Burg trug, und drei tief eingeschnittenen, runden Hafenbecken (Peiraieus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Piraeus — [pī rē′əs] seaport in SE Greece, on the Saronic Gulf: part of Athens metropolitan area: pop. 183,000: Gr. name PEIRAIÉVS …   English World dictionary

  • piraeus — (ˈ)pī|rēəs adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Piraeus, Greece : of or from the city of Piraeus, Greece : of the kind or style prevalent in Piraeus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Piraeus — Original name in latin Piraeus Name in other language El Pireo, El Pireu, Le Piree, Le Pire, Peiraeus, Peiraia, Peiraias, Peiraiefs, Peiraieus, Peiraievs, Peirai Peirais, Peiraifs, Piraeus, Piraievs, Piraivs, Piraus, Pire, Pireefs, Pirej, Pireja …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Piraeus — or Piraievs geographical name city E Greece on Saronic Gulf; port of Athens population 169,622 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Piraeus — Gemeinde Piräus Δήμος Πειραιά (Πειραιάς) DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piräeus — Gemeinde Piräus Δήμος Πειραιά (Πειραιάς) DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piraeus — noun A city in Greece …   Wiktionary


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