pipestone


pipestone
/puyp"stohn'/, n.
a reddish argillaceous stone used by North American Indians for making tobacco pipes.
[1755-65; PIPE1 + STONE]

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      city, seat of Pipestone county, southwestern Minnesota, U.S. It lies on the Coteau des Prairies, near the South Dakota state line, about 40 miles (65 km) northeast of Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Settlers were attracted to the Pipestone area by Native American legends of a quarry where red stone for ceremonial pipes (Sacred Pipe) was found. From about AD 1200 several Plains tribes, particularly the Sioux, quarried stone there (rock drawings in the area date from about 2000 BC). Artist and author George Catlin (Catlin, George) visited the site in 1836 and recorded it in both painting and writing. Settlement began in 1873 when Iowa druggist Charles Bennett arrived, and the city was laid out in 1876. It grew as a trade centre with the arrival of the railroad (1879), the production of building blocks made from the area's quartzite deposits, and farming on the fertile prairie soil. Agriculture (including sheep, hogs and pigs, soybeans, and corn [maize]) is a mainstay of the economy, and meatpacking, the manufacture of boats, and tourism are also important. The city is home to a community and technical college campus. Pipestone National Monument is immediately northwest, and Split Rock Creek State Park is southwest. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth) popularized the quarries in The Song of Hiawatha (1855); the city has a Hiawatha Club that stages an annual theatrical pageant. Inc. village, 1881; city, 1901. Pop. (1990) 4,554; (2000) 4,280.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pipestone — may refer to:* Catlinite, a type of red, carvable rock that was used by Native Americans for pipes and effigies; Places in Canada * Pipestone, Manitoba * Pipestone No. 92, Saskatchewan, Canada, a former name of the Rural Municipality of Walpole… …   Wikipedia

  • Pipestone — Pipestone, MN U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 4280 Housing Units (2000): 2097 Land area (2000): 3.923802 sq. miles (10.162601 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.923802 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Pipestone, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 4280 Housing Units (2000): 2097 Land area (2000): 3.923802 sq. miles (10.162601 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.923802 sq. miles (10.162601 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Pipestone — Pipe stone , n. A kind of clay slate, carved by the Indians into tobacco pipes. Cf. {Catlinite}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pipestone — ☆ pipestone [pīp′stōn΄ ] n. a hard, reddish, claylike stone used by the American Indians to make tobacco pipes …   English World dictionary

  • Pipestone — Original name in latin Pipestone Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 44.00053 latitude 96.31753 altitude 530 Population 4317 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Pipestone — Sp Páipstounas Ap Pipestone L JAV apyg. ir jos c. (Minesota); Kanada: g tės (Alberta, Manitoba), u. (Manitoba, Ontarijas) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • pipestone — noun Date: circa 1805 a pink or mottled pink and white argillaceous stone used especially by American Indians to make carved objects (as tobacco pipes) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pipestone — noun A hard, red clay used by Native Americans for making tobacco pipes …   Wiktionary

  • Pipestone — Пайпстон, городок в штате Миннесота, является местом театрализованных представлений «Песни о Гайавате» …   Словарь топонимов США


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