/pim"peuhr nel', -nl/, n.a plant belonging to the genus Anagallis, of the primrose family, esp. A. arvensis (scarlet pimpernel), having scarlet or white flowers that close at the approach of bad weather.[1400-50; late ME pympernele < MF pimprenelle, nasalized var. of OF piprenelle < LL *piperinella, equiv. to piper PEPPER + -in- -INE1 + -ella dim. suffix; r. OE pipeneale < LL pipinella, syncopated var. of *piperinella]
* * *▪ plant(genus Anagallis), any of several plants of the primrose family (Primulaceae), consisting of about 30 species of low herbs mostly native to western Europe.Most species are prostrate in habit. The plant has leaves that are opposite or in whorls and small, solitary flowers that are short-stalked and bell-shaped or almost flat. The five-lobed corolla is red, pink, or blue.The scarlet pimpernel (A. arvensis), also called poor-man's weatherglass, is an annual native to Europe but is naturalized elsewhere, including North America. It grows 6 to 30 cm (2.4 to 12 inches) tall and has red or blue flowers.
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