Pike


Pike
/puyk/, n.
1. James Albert, 1913-69, U.S. Protestant Episcopal clergyman, lawyer, and author.
2. Zebulon Montgomery /zeb"yoo leuhn/, 1779-1813, U.S. general and explorer.

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I
Ancient and medieval infantry weapon consisting of a long, metal-pointed spear with a heavy wooden shaft 10–20 ft (3–6 m) in length.

Its use by Swiss foot soldiers in the 14th century contributed to the decline of the feudal knights. A variation is used by the picador in bullfighting.
II
Any of several voracious freshwater fishes (family Esocidae, order Salmoniformes) with a slender body, small scales, long head, shovel-like snout, large mouth, and strong teeth, and with dorsal and anal fins far back on the tail.

The northern pike (Esox lucius) of North America, Europe, and northern Asia may grow to 4.5 ft (1.4 m) long and weigh 45 lbs (20 kg). A solitary hunter, it lies motionless or lurks among weeds, then suddenly lunges, seizing an approaching fish or invertebrate. Large species also take waterfowl and small mammals. See also muskellunge, pickerel.

Northern pike (Esox lucius)

Russ Kinne
Photo Researchers
III
(as used in expressions)
Pike Kenneth Lee
Pike Zebulon Montgomery

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      county, northeastern Pennsylvania, U.S., bordered by New York state and New Jersey to the northeast and southeast, respectively (the Delaware River constituting the boundary), and Wallenpaupack Creek and Lake Wallenpaupack to the west. It consists of a hilly region on the eastern side of the Allegheny Plateau. Among its waterways are the Lackawaxen River, Shohola Lake, Pecks Pond, Shohola Creek, and Bush Kill. Parklands include Delaware State Forest, Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, Delaware National Scenic River, and Promised Land State Park, which is located on Promised Land Lake.

      Milford, the county seat, was settled in 1733. The castlelike estate of Grey Towers belonged to Gifford Pinchot (Pinchot, Gifford), pioneer of forestry management and governor of Pennsylvania, who founded the Yale Summer School of Forestry at Milford. The county was formed in 1814 and named for U.S. Army officer and explorer Zebulon Montgomery Pike (Pike, Zebulon Montgomery). In 1848 engineer John Augustus Roebling (Roebling, John Augustus) completed a suspension aqueduct that is the oldest extant wire suspension bridge in the nation.

      Tourism is the primary industry. Pike county is one of seven completely rural counties in Pennsylvania. Area 547 square miles (1,417 square km). Pop. (2000) 46,302; (2007 est.) 58,633.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Pike — may refer to:Fish*Pike (fish) or Esox *Blue pike or blue walleye, an extinct freshwater fish *Mackerel pike or Pacific saury, a fish popular in east Asian cuisine *Northern pike, known as the pike in BritainPlacesIn Britain: *Clougha Pike, a hill …   Wikipedia

  • Pike — bezeichnet: eine Stangenwaffe von Fußsoldaten, siehe Spieß eine gemeine Figur in der Heraldik, siehe Stangenwaffe (Heraldik) Pike (Programmiersprache), eine Programmiersprache Pike (Verschlüsselung), einen Verschlüsselungsalgorithmus mehrere… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pike — Pike, n. [F. pique; perhaps of Celtic origin; cf. W. pig a prick, a point, beak, Arm. pik pick. But cf. also L. picus woodpecker (see {Pie} magpie), and E. spike. Cf. {Pick}, n. & v., {Peak}, {Pique}.] 1. (Mil.) A foot soldier s weapon,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • PIKE — это поточный шифр, предложенный Россом Андерсоном на смену взломанного им шифра FISH( FIbonacci SHrinking ) в 1994 году. Содержание 1 История 2 Описание 3 Сравнение скорост …   Википедия

  • pike — Ⅰ. pike [1] ► NOUN (pl. same) ▪ a long bodied predatory freshwater fish with long teeth. ORIGIN from PIKE(Cf. ↑pike) (because of the fish s pointed jaw). Ⅱ. pike [2] ► NOUN historical ▪ …   English terms dictionary

  • pike — pike1 [pīk] n. a highway: now chiefly in the informal phrase come down the pike, to happen or appear pike2 [pīk] n. [Fr pique < piquer, to pierce, prick < VL * piccare: see PICADOR] a weapon, formerly used by foot soldiers, consisting of a… …   English World dictionary

  • pike — [paık] n [Sense: 1; Date: 1300 1400; Origin: pike sharp pointed object (11 20 centuries), from Old English pic] [Sense: 2; Date: 1500 1600; : French; Origin: pique] [Sense: 3 4; Date: 1800 1900; Origin: turnpike] 1.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • pike — pike; ram·pike; pike·let; pike·man; …   English syllables

  • Pike — • Pike von der Pike auf dienen »sich in seinem Beruf von der untersten Stufe emporarbeiten«: »Pike« bedeutet »‹Landsknechts›spieß, Lanze«, die vorliegende Wendung ist also ursprünglich auf das Kriegswesen zu beziehen in der Bedeutung »als… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • pike — [ paık ] noun count 1. ) a fish that lives in rivers and lakes and eats other fish 2. ) a weapon used in the past, consisting of a long pole with a blade at one end come down the pike AMERICAN to happen or start to happen: This is the lightest,… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Pike — Sf Spieß, Lanze erw. obs. (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Wie Pik entlehnt aus frz. pique gleicher Bedeutung. Im Deutschen fest geworden in der Wendung von der Pike auf von Anfang an (schon seit dem 17. Jh.). Gemeint ist: vom einfachen Kriegsdienst an alle …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache


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