physostigmine


physostigmine
/fuy'soh stig"meen, -min/, n. Pharm.
an alkaloid, C15H21N3O2, used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease to raise the level of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and also as a miotic in glaucoma.
[1860-65; < NL Physostigm(a) genus of plants yielding the alkaloid (see PHYSO-, STIGMA) + -INE2]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Physostigmine — Structure de la physostigmine Général Nom IUPAC ((3aR,8aS) 1,3a,8 t …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Physostigmine — Phy so*stig mine, n. (Chem.) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean (the seed of {Physostigma venenosum}), and extracted as a white, tasteless, substance, amorphous or crystalline; formerly called {eserine}, with which it was regarded as identical …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • physostigmine — [fī΄sō stig′mēn΄, fī΄sō stig′min] n. [< ModL Physostigma, name of the genus including the Calabar bean < Gr physa, a bellows (< IE * phus , var. of * pu , *phu , to blow > L pustula) + stigma, a prick (see STICK) + INE3] a colorless… …   English World dictionary

  • Physostigmine — drugbox IUPAC name = [(3aR,8bS) 3,4,8b Trimethyl 2,3a dihydro 1 H pyrrolo [2,3 b] indol 7 yl] N methylcarbamate CAS number = 57 47 6 ATC prefix = S01 ATC suffix = EB05 ATC supplemental = ATC|V03|AB19 PubChem = 5983 DrugBank = APRD00406 C=15 |… …   Wikipedia

  • physostigmine — physostigma [ fizostigma ] n. m. • 1873; du gr. phusa « vésicule » et stigma « stigmate » ♦ Bot. Plante (légumineuses papilionacées) exotique, herbacée, communément appelée fève de Calabar, dont les graines renferment un alcaloïde vénéneux, la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • physostigmine — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from New Latin Physostigma, genus of vines that bear the Calabar bean Date: 1864 a crystalline tasteless alkaloid C15H21N3O2 from the Calabar bean that is used in medicine especially in the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • physostigmine — noun A parasympathomimetic, a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor alkaloid of the Calabar bean, used to treat certain medical conditions …   Wiktionary

  • physostigmine — An alkaloid of physostigma; it is a reversible inhibitor of the cholinesterases, and prevents destruction of acetylcholine; used as a cholinergic agent, and experimentally to enhance the action of acetylcholine at any of its sites of liberation.… …   Medical dictionary

  • physostigmine — n. drug used to treat glaucoma …   English contemporary dictionary

  • physostigmine — [ˌfʌɪsəʊ stɪgmi:n] noun Chemistry a compound which is the active ingredient of the Calabar bean and is used medicinally in eye drops. Origin C19: from the mod. L. genus name Physostigma + ine4 …   English new terms dictionary


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