Phuket


Phuket
/pooh"ket"/, n.
an island near the W coast of Thailand. 75,652; 294 sq. mi. (761 sq. km).

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      city and island, southern Thailand. The island lies in the Andaman Sea, off the west coast of peninsular Thailand. Phuket city, located in the southeastern portion of the island, is a major port and commercial centre. Its harbour exports tin, rubber, charcoal, lumber, and fish products south to Malaysia and Singapore and north to Myanmar (Burma). Rice and manufactures are imported. The city airport has regular flights to Bangkok, towns of southern Thailand, and George Town, Malaysia.

      The island's surface area is mostly level land but is dotted with isolated hills that reach a height of 1,700 feet (520 metres). It was settled as early as the 1st century BC. The island was part of various Tai states from an early time and was incorporated into the Ayutthaya kingdom about the 16th century. After the 18th century, large numbers of Chinese arrived; more than half the population is now Chinese. Called Ujong Salang (“Cape Salang”) by Malays, the island has also been known as Tongka, Junk Ceylon, and Jonsalam.

      Phuket is noted for its rich tin mines. The ore, found in lowland gravels and on the shallow seafloor, is recovered by river and ocean boat dredges and pumps. The island has also become a major seaside resort. It is reached by bridge from the mainland to the north across a narrow strait. A road links the major settlements of Thalang, Phuket, and Ban Rawai. In December 2004 the island was severely damaged by a large tsunami triggered by an earthquake in the Indian Ocean near Indonesia. Several thousand people, many of them foreign tourists, were killed. Area island, 210 square miles (543 square km). Pop. (2000) city, 66,685.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phuket — (in Thai: ภูเก็ต, ausgesprochen [pʰuket]) kann verschiedene Bedeutungen haben: Phuket (Insel), eine Insel in Süd Thailand Phuket (Provinz), eine Provinz in Süd Thailand Amphoe Mueang Phuket, der Hauptdistrikt (Amphoe) der Provinz Phuket Phuket… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phuket —   [phuː ked], thailändische Insel in der Andamanensee, vor der Westküste der Malaiischen Halbinsel, 543 km2, 194 200 Einwohner; Hauptort ist Phuket (57 100 Einwohner). Vorkommen von Zinnseifen, v. a. von Chinesen (heute über die Hälfte der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Phuket — Pour l île et la province de Thaïlande, voir Province de Phuket. 7°58′N 98°19′E / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Phuket — Original name in latin Phuket Name in other language Amphoe Muang Phuket, Bhuket, Changwat Phuket, HKT, Phuket, Pkhuket, Tongka, Tongkah, phuket, Пхукет State code TH Continent/City Asia/Bangkok longitude 7.89059 latitude 98.3981 altitude 28… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Phuket — noun /ˈfuː.kɛt/ a) An island off the south coast of Thailand b) A city on the island of Phuket …   Wiktionary

  • Phuket — ► Prov. insular de Thailandia, en la región Meridional; 543 km2 y 155 367 h. Cap., la c. homónima (46 722 h) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Phuket — Phu•ket [[t]ˈpuˈkɛt[/t]] n. geg an island near the W coast of Thailand in the Andaman Sea: beach resorts. 146,400; 309 sq. mi. (801 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

  • Phuket — Phu|kẹt [pu... ] (thailändische Insel) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Phuket — /pooh ket /, n. an island near the W coast of Thailand. 75,652; 294 sq. mi. (761 sq. km) …   Useful english dictionary

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