phonology


phonology
phonological /fohn'l oj"i keuhl/, phonologic, adj.phonologically, adv.
/feuh nol"euh jee, foh-/, n., pl. phonologies.
1. the study of the distribution and patterning of speech sounds in a language and of the tacit rules governing pronunciation.
2. the phonological system or the body of phonological facts of a language.
[1790-1800; PHONO- + -LOGY]

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Study of sound patterns within languages.

Diachronic (historical) phonology traces and analyzes changes in speech sounds and sound systems over time (e.g., the process by which sea and see, once pronounced with different vowel sounds, have come to be pronounced alike). Synchronic (descriptive) phonology investigates sound patterns at a single stage in a language's development, to identify which ones can occur and in what position (in English, for example, nt and rk appear within or at the end of words but not at the beginning).

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      study of the sound patterns that occur within languages. Some linguists include phonetics, the study of the production and description of speech sounds, within the study of phonology.

      Diachronic (historical) phonology examines and constructs theories about the changes and modifications in speech sounds and sound systems over a period of time. For example, it is concerned with the process by which the English words “sea” and “see,” once pronounced with different vowel sounds (as indicated by the spelling), have come to be pronounced alike today. Synchronic (descriptive) phonology investigates sounds at a single stage in the development of a language, to discover the sound patterns that can occur. For example, in English, nt and dm can appear within or at the end of words (“rent,” “admit”) but not at the beginning.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Phonology — (Greek φωνή (phōnē), voice, sound + λόγος (lógos), word, speech, subject of discussion) is the systematic use of sound to encode meaning in any spoken human language, or the field of linguistics studying this use. Just as a language has syntax… …   Wikipedia

  • Phonology — Pho*nol o*gy, n. [Phono + logy.] The science or doctrine of the elementary sounds uttered by the human voice in speech, including the various distinctions, modifications, and combinations of tones; phonetics. Also, a treatise on sounds. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • phonology — 1799, from Gk. phone voice (see FAME (Cf. fame)) + LOGY (Cf. logy). Related: Phonological …   Etymology dictionary

  • phonology — ► NOUN ▪ the system of contrastive relationships among the fundamental speech sounds of a language. DERIVATIVES phonological adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • phonology — [fō näl′ə jē, fənäl′ə jē] n. [ PHONO + LOGY] 1. the study of speech sounds, including phonetics and phonemics 2. an overall description of the sounds of a given language phonological [fō΄nō läj′i kəl, fō΄nəläj′i kəl] adj. phonologic… …   English World dictionary

  • phonology — [[t]fənɒ̱ləʤi[/t]] N UNCOUNT In linguistics, phonology is the study of speech sounds in a particular language. [TECHNICAL] …   English dictionary

  • phonology — noun Date: 1799 1. the science of speech sounds including especially the history and theory of sound changes in a language or in two or more related languages 2. the phonetics and phonemics of a language at a particular time • phonological also… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • phonology — См. fonologìa …   Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • phonology — noun /fəˈnɒlədʒi,fəˈnɑlədʒi/ a) The study of the way sounds function in languages, including phonemes, syllable structure, stress, accent, intonation, and which sounds are distinctive units within a language. The Achean, the ancient Malayu and… …   Wiktionary

  • phonology — SYN: phonetics. [phono + G. logos, study] * * * pho·nol·o·gy fə näl ə jē, fō n, pl gies 1) the science of speech sounds including esp. the history and theory of sound changes in a language or in two or more related languages 2) the phonetics and… …   Medical dictionary


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