Phoebe


Phoebe
/fee"bee/, n.
1. Class. Myth. a Titan, daughter of Uranus and Gaea and mother of Leto, later identified with Artemis and with the Roman goddess Diana.
2. Astron. one of the moons of Saturn.
3. Literary. the moon personified.
4. a female given name.

* * *

Any of three species (family Tyrannidae, suborder Tyranni) of suboscine passerines with a habit of twitching their tail when perching.

The eastern phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) of North America is 7.5 in. (18 cm) long, plain brownish gray above, and paler below. Its call is a brisk "fee-bee" uttered over and over. It makes a mossy nest, strengthened with mud, on a ledge, often under a bridge. Say's phoebe (S. saya), a slightly larger bird with buff-hued underparts, occurs in open country in western North America. The black phoebe (S. nigricans), occurring from the southwestern U.S. to Argentina, is dark above with a white belly.

* * *

      in Greek mythology, a Titan, daughter of Uranus (Sky) and Gaea (Earth). By the Titan Coeus she was the mother of Leto and grandmother of Apollo and Artemis. She was also the mother of Asteria and Hecate. The family relationships were described by Hesiod (Theogony). Her epithet was Gold-Crowned, but her name, like Apollo's forename Phoebus, signified brightness. In Aeschylus's Eumenides (458 BC) she is said to have given Apollo the rite of his oracle in Delphi. In later mythology she was identified with the moon, as were Artemis and her Roman counterpart Diana. See also Selene.

 midsized irregular moon of Saturn, discovered by the American astronomer William Henry Pickering (Pickering, William Henry) in 1899 on photographic plates and named for a Titan in Greek mythology.

      Roughly spherical and about 220 km (136 miles) in diameter, Phoebe has a mean distance from Saturn of about 12,952,000 km (8,050,000 miles), which is several times farther than any of Saturn's other major moons; it takes about 1.5 Earth years to complete one trip around Saturn. Its orbit is significantly eccentric, retrograde, and steeply inclined to the plane of Saturn's rings and regular moons.

      Phoebe's surface shows large differences in reflectivity but is very dark overall. Infrared spectral observations reveal the presence of water-ice particles mixed with dark material resembling the carbon-rich material seen on primitive C-class asteroids. Some of the moon's craters show evidence of alternating surface layers of bright and dark material. Phoebe has a mean density roughly 1.6 times that of pure water ice, higher than the density of most of Saturn's icy major moons. This finding and Phoebe's irregular orbital properties suggest to some scientists that the moon did not form in orbit around Saturn but was captured after having formed in a more distant orbit from the Sun, where temperatures and carbon-oxygen chemistry were different.

William B. Hubbard
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phoebe — or Phebe is a female given name. Mythology*Phoebe (mythology), one of the Titans. *One of the Heliades *Phoebe (Leucippides), the daughter of Leucippus *Another name for Artemis *Helen s sister, daughter of LedaNature* Phoebe (plant), a genus of… …   Wikipedia

  • Phoebe — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Phoebe puede referirse a: En botánica, Phoebe es un género de plantas con flores de la familia Lauraceae. Phoebe RISC PC era un ordenador de Acorn Computers que nunca llegó a lanzarse. Phoebe Buffay es el nombre de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • phoebe — small North American flycatcher, pewit, 1700, phebe, so called in imitation of its cry; spelling altered 1839 by influence of the woman s proper name PHOEBE (Cf. Phoebe) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Phoebe — Phoebe, Phöbe griechischer Ursprung, Bedeutung: die Glänzende, Reine. Bekannt als Großmutter der griechischen Mondgöttin Artemis, die den Beinamen Phoebe trägt …   Deutsch namen

  • phoebe — ☆ phoebe [fē′bē ] n. [echoic, with sp. after PHOEBE] any of a genus (Sayornis) of tyrant flycatchers with a grayish or brown back …   English World dictionary

  • Phoebe — Ph[oe] be, n. (Zo[ o]l.) The pewee, or pewit. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Phoebe — PHOEBE, es, Gr. Φοίβη, ης, (⇒ Tab. II.) des Cölus und der Tellus oder der Erde Tochter. Apollod. l. I. c. 1. §. 3. Sie zeugete mit dem Coeus, ihrem Bruder, die Asteria und Latona. Id. ib. c. 2. §. 2. Nach einigen soll sie nicht nur besagte beyde… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Phoebe [1] — PHOEBE, es, (⇒ Tab. VI.) des Sol und der Klymene Tochter, und Schwester des Phaethons, die endlich auch mit in einen Pappelbaum, oder, nach andern, in eine Erle, verwandelt worden. Ovid. Met. II. v. 340. & ad eum Farnab. Cf. Hygin. Fab. 156. &… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Phoebe [2] — PHOEBE, es, (⇒ Tab. XXIII.) eine Tochter des Leucippus, und Schwester der Ilaira, oder Hilaira. Sie waren beyde überaus schön, daher sich Kastor und Pollux in sie verliebten, und sie entführeten, ungeachtet sie schon an den Lynceus und Idas, des… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Phoebe [3] — PHOEBE, es, eine Tochter der Leda. Euripid. Iphig. in Aul. 50. Man hält sie aber mit der Philonoe für einerley Person. Sieh Philonoe …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Phoebe [4] — PHOEBE, es, ist vielfältig so viel, als der Mond, oder die Schwester des Phöbus. Virgil. Georg. I. v. 431. & ad eum Servius l. c. Sieh auch Phœbus …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.