phlebitis


phlebitis
phlebitic /fleuh bit"ik/, adj.
/fleuh buy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of a vein, often occurring in the legs and involving the formation of a thrombus, characterized by swelling, pain, and change of skin color.
[1815-25; < NL; see PHLEB-, -ITIS]

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Inflammation of the wall of a vein.

Causes include nearby infection, trauma, surgery, and childbirth. The area over the vein is painful, swollen, red, and hot. A tender, cordlike mass may be felt under the skin. It usually occurs in surface veins in the lower leg and can be treated with pain relievers and bed rest, with mild exercise after inflammation subsides. Phlebitis can last for years; in such cases, irritation of the vein's inner lining leads to blood-clot formation, a condition known as thrombophlebitis (see thrombosis). In deeper veins, this requires anticoagulants to prevent embolisms.

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      inflammation of the wall of a vein. Phlebitis may result from the infection of tissues adjacent to the vein, or it may result from trauma or from a surgical operation or childbirth. A long period of bed rest and an attendant lack of blood circulation may also cause phlebitis. Varicose veins, obesity, and atherosclerosis are other predisposing factors. In many cases the cause of phlebitis is not known.

      Phlebitis can last for years, and if it continues for a long time, the inner lining of the inflamed vein becomes irritated to the point that various elements in the blood are deposited there, forming a blood clot. This condition is known as thrombophlebitis (q.v.).

      Phlebitis usually occurs in one of the superficial veins of the lower leg. The condition is more serious when it occurs in a more deeply situated blood vessel, since if a blood clot develops there and then breaks away and begins to circulate in the bloodstream, it can cause a serious circulatory obstruction. The indications of phlebitis include localized pain, swelling, redness, and heat over the inflamed vein. Examination may reveal a tender, cordlike mass under the skin at the site. If phlebitis affects a superficial vein, the condition is relatively innocuous and can be treated by analgesics and bed rest until the inflammation disappears, at which time mild exercise should be taken. In severe or serious cases of phlebitis, anticoagulants are administered to prevent the formation of blood clots.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phlebitis — Phle*bi tis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, a vein + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of a vein. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Phlebītis — (griech.), Entzündung der Venen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • phlebitis — (n.) 1822, Modern Latin, from Gk. phleps (gen. phlebos) vein + ITIS (Cf. itis) inflammation …   Etymology dictionary

  • phlebitis — ► NOUN Medicine ▪ inflammation of the walls of a vein. ORIGIN from Greek phleps vein …   English terms dictionary

  • phlebitis — [flə bīt′is] n. [ModL: see PHLEBO & ITIS] inflammation of a vein or veins phlebitic [flēbit′ik, flibit′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Phlebitis — eMedicine2|med|3201 | MeshID = D010689 Phlebitis is an inflammation of a vein, usually in the legs. When phlebitis is associated with the formation of blood clots (thrombosis), usually in the deep veins of the legs, the condition is called… …   Wikipedia

  • Phlebitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 I80 Thrombose, Phlebitis und Thrombophlebitis I82.1 Thrombophlebitis migrans O08.7 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phlebitis — Inflammation of a vein. With phlebitis, there is infiltration of the walls of the vein and, usually, the formation of a clot (thrombus) in the vein (thrombophlebitis). Phlebitis in a leg, for example, will cause the leg to swell with edema fluid… …   Medical dictionary

  • phlebitis — n. inflammation of the wall of a vein, which is most commonly seen in the legs as a complication of varicose veins. A segment of vein becomes painful and tender and the surrounding skin feels hot and appears red. Thrombosis commonly develops (see …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Phlebitis — Venenentzündung * * * Phle|bi|tis 〈f.; , ti|den〉 = Venenentzündung [zu grch. phleps, Gen. phlebos „Blutader“] * * * Phlebitis   die, /... tiden, die Venenentzündung. * * * Phle|bi|tis, die; , ...itiden (Med.): Venenentzündung …   Universal-Lexikon


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