/perr"zheuh, -sheuh/, n.1. Also called Persian Empire. an ancient empire located in W and SW Asia: at its height it extended from Egypt and the Aegean to India; conquered by Alexander the Great 334-331 B.C.2. former official name (until 1935) of Iran.
* * *Historical name for a region roughly coterminous with modern Iran.The term was used for centuries, chiefly in the West, and originally described a region of southern Iran formerly known as Persis or Parsa. Parsa was the name of an Indo-European nomadic people who migrated into the area с 1000 BC; the use of the name was gradually extended by the ancient Greeks and other Western peoples to apply to the whole Iranian plateau. The people of Iran have always called their country Iran, and in 1935 the government requested that the name Iran be used instead of Persia.
* * *▪ historical region, Asiahistoric region of southwestern Asia associated with the area that is now modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries and originated from a region of southern Iran formerly known as Persis, alternatively as Pārs or Parsa, modern Fārs. The use of the name was gradually extended by the ancient Greeks and other peoples to apply to the whole Iranian plateau. The people of that region have traditionally called their country Iran, “Land of the Aryans.” That name was officially adopted in 1935.For the history of the region prior to the 7th century AD, see Iran, ancient. For the history of succeeding periods and a study of the current geography, see Iran. For a discussion of the religions of ancient Iran, see Iranian religion. For a discussion of visual arts from the prehistoric period through the Sāsānian period, see art and architecture, Iranian. For a detailed account of Mesopotamian history through the Sāsānian period, see Mesopotamia, history of.
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См. также в других словарях:
Persia — • The history, religion, and civilization of Persia are offshoots from those of Media. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Persia Persia … Catholic encyclopedia
PERSIA — (Heb. פָּרָס, Paras), empire whose home coincided roughly with that of the province of Fars in modern Iran. Its inhabitants, calling themselves Persians, are first mentioned in Assyrian records of approximately 640 B.C.E. According to these… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Persia — Die Persia im Hafen von Aden (Postkarte) Schiffsdaten Flagge: … Deutsch Wikipedia
PERSIA — quae Persis Ptol. Plin. l. 6. c. 25. et Melae, l. 1. c. 2. Farstan, et Farsistan incolis, teste Castaldô, Provincia Asiae notissima atque clarissima, inter Susianam ad occasum, et Carmaniam ad ortum; atque inter Parthiam ad Boream et sinum… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Persia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Extensión del Imperio Aqueménida hacia el 500 a. C … Wikipedia Español
Persia — Persia is the old name for the country now called Iran. Reza Shah Pahlavi changed the name to Iran, the land of the Aryans, in 1935. The name Persia comes from the country s southern province, Fars, from where the Achaemenids came to establish … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Persia — Persia, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 363 Housing Units (2000): 145 Land area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Persia, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 363 Housing Units (2000): 145 Land area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.456645 sq. miles (1.182705 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Persia — Persia, s. Persien 1) … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Persĭa — Persĭa, gröberes und bedrucktes Jutegewebe für Decken, Portieren u. dgl … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Persia — [pʉr′zhə, pʉr′shə] [L < Gr Persais < OPers Pārsa] 1. former name for IRAN1 2. PERSIAN EMPIRE … English World dictionary