Persephone


Persephone
/peuhr sef"euh nee/, n.
1. Also, Proserpina, Proserpine. Class. Myth. a daughter of Zeus and Demeter, abducted by Pluto to be queen of Hades, but allowed to return to the surface of the earth for part of the year.
2. a female given name.

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In Greek mythology, daughter of Zeus and Demeter.

She was gathering flowers when she was seized by Hades, who carried her off to the underworld to make her his wife. On learning of the abduction, Demeter was so distraught that she allowed barrenness and famine to spread over the earth. Zeus commanded Hades to allow Persephone to return to her mother, but because she had eaten some (or, in some versions, just one) pomegranate seeds in the underworld, she had to remain one-third of the year with Hades, spending the other two-thirds with Demeter. This myth accounts for the change of the seasons and the annual cycle of growth and decay.

Persephone abducted by Hades, marble sculpture by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, 1621–22; in the ...

Anderson
Alinari from Art Resource/EB Inc.

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▪ Greek goddess
Latin  Proserpina, or Proserpine,  
 in Greek religion, daughter of Zeus, the chief god, and Demeter, the goddess of agriculture; she was the wife of Hades, king of the underworld. In the Homeric “Hymn (Homeric Hymns) to Demeter,” the story is told of how Persephone was gathering flowers in the Vale of Nysa when she was seized by Hades and removed to the underworld. Upon learning of the abduction, her mother, Demeter, in her misery, became unconcerned with the harvest or the fruitfulness of the Earth, so that widespread famine ensued. Zeus therefore intervened, commanding Hades to release Persephone to her mother. Because Persephone had eaten a single pomegranate seed in the underworld, she could not be completely freed but had to remain one-third of the year with Hades, spending the other two-thirds with her mother. The story that Persephone spent four months of each year in the underworld was no doubt meant to account for the barren appearance of Greek fields in full summer (after harvest), before their revival in the autumn rains, when they are plowed and sown.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Persephone — Perséphone Pour les articles homonymes, voir Perséphone (homonymie). Triptolème et Coré, médaillon d un kylix …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Persephone — (griechisch Περσεφόνη) bezeichnet: in der griechischen Mythologie eine Fruchtbarkeitsgöttin und Göttin der Unterwelt, siehe Persephone (Mythologie) in der griechischen Mythologie Gemahlin des Iasios und Tochter des Minyas, siehe Persephone… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Persephŏne — (Persephassa), im griech. Mythus die Unterweltsgöttin, Tochter des Zeus und der Demeter, ward auf der nysischen Flur (nach Spätern bei Enna in Sizilien) beim Blumensuchen von Hades (Pluton) geraubt und zur Beherrscherin der Unterwelt erhoben. Fig …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • PERSEPHONE — Iovis et Cereris filia, Latinis Proserpina, quam ab Orco in Sicilia raptam fuisse poetae fabulantur. Ovid. Fast. l. 4. v. 591. At neque Persephone digna est praedone maritô. Idem in Ep. 21. Heroid. Cydippes, v. 46. Persephone nostras pulsat… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Persephone — {{Persephone}} Tochter der Demeter** und des Zeus*, von Hades* in sein dunkles Reich entführt, wo sie nun als seine Gattin mit ihm über die Toten herrscht. Als das Mädchen (gr. kore) beim Blumenpflücken geraubt worden war, suchte die Mutter… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Persephone — PERSEPHŎNE, es, soll des Chronus Tochter gewesen seyn, die noch als Jungfer gestorben, da ihr ihr Vater selbst den Kopf abgehauen. Sanchun. ap. Euseb. Præp. Ev. l. I. c. 10. p. 33. Sonst ist sie nach dem Griechischen so viel, als lateinisch… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Persephone — wife of Hades, queen of the netherworld, identified with Kore, daughter of Zeus and Demeter, from Gk. Persephone (see PERSON (Cf. person)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Persephone — [pər sef′ə nē] n. [L < Gr Persephonē] Gr. Myth. the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, abducted by Hades (Pluto) to be his wife in the lower world: identified with the Roman Proserpina …   English World dictionary

  • Persephŏne — (Persephonīa, Phersephone [d.i. Todbringerin], Proserpina, Deïone, Kore), Tochter des Zeus u. der Demeter. Pluto raubte sie ihrer Mutter; der Ort, wo der Raub geschah, wird verschieden angegeben: Eleusis, Hermione, Nysa in Karien, Heraklea… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Persephone — Persephŏne, lat. Proserpina, Tochter des Zeus und der Demeter, nach dem griech. Mythus von Hades geraubt und zu seiner Gemahlin eingesetzt. Zeus gestattete ihr auf die Bitten ihrer Mutter, die eine (größere) Hälfte des Jahres bei ihr in der… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Persephone — Persephone, griech., was Proserpina …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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