Père David's deer


Père David's deer
/pair" dah veedz", pair' day"vidz/
a medium-sized, reddish-gray deer, Elaphurus davidianus, of which stocks were obtained in Peking in 1865 and brought to parks in Europe before the remaining Chinese deer were killed in 1900: the species is sustained in captivity.
[1895-1900; named after Père Armand David (1826-1900), French missionary, the deer's first European observer]

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mammal
      (Elaphurus davidianus), large, rare Asian deer, family Cervidae (order Artiodactyla). The only member of its genus, it is unknown in nature within historic times. Presumably native to northern China, it is now found only in zoos, private animal collections, and game reserves.

      The deer is about 1.1 metres (43 inches) tall at the shoulder and is characterized by heavy legs, broad hooves, relatively small ears, and a long, bushy tail. The coat is reddish brown in summer and uniformly grayish brown in winter. The male has long antlers that fork shortly above the base, the front prong branching once and the rear prong extending backward, unbranched.

      The only known population of this deer in the 19th century was the herd kept for the emperor of China in a game park near Peking. Observations of the deer were made in 1865 by a French missionary, Armand David, and specimens were classified the following year by the French naturalist Henri Milne-Edwards. From 1869 to 1890, several Père David's deer were brought to European zoos. Most of the Chinese herd died in a flood in 1895, and the remaining deer were killed during the Boxer Rebellion (1900). A breeding population was then established at Woburn Abbey, in England, under the care of the duke of Bedford. The deer bred well in captivity and now survive in zoos and game parks around the world.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Père David's Deer — Taxobox name = Père David s Deer status = EW status system = iucn3.1 image width = 250px image caption = regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Artiodactyla familia = Cervidae subfamilia = Cervinae genus = Elaphurus species …   Wikipedia

  • Père David’s deer — Dovydo elnias statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Elaphurus davidianus angl. Père David’s deer vok. Davidshirsch; Milu; Miluhirsch rus. милу; олень Давида pranc. cerf du Père David ryšiai: platesnis… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Père David’s deer — Dovydo elniai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas gentis apibrėžtis Gentyje 1 rūšis. Laikomi zoologijos soduose, parkuose. atitikmenys: lot. Elaphurus angl. Père David’s deer vok. Davidshirsche; Miluhirsche; Milus rus. китайские …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Père David's deer — noun a large deer with long antlers with backward pointing tines, now found only in captivity. [Elaphurus davidianus.] Origin C19: named after the French naturalist Father Armand David …   English new terms dictionary

  • Père David's deer — /pɛə daˈvidz/ (say pair dah veedz) noun a large grey deer, Elaphurus davidianus, living in captivity as descendants of a herd kept in the Imperial hunting park near Beijing. {named after Father A David, died 1900, French missionary} …   Australian English dictionary

  • pere david's deer — noun large Chinese deer surviving only in domesticated herds • Syn: ↑elaphure, ↑Elaphurus davidianus • Hypernyms: ↑deer, ↑cervid • Member Holonyms: ↑Elaphurus, ↑genus Elaphurus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Père David's deer — noun A species of deer known only in captivity, which prefers marshland and is believed to be native to the subtropics of China …   Wiktionary

  • cerf du Père David — Dovydo elnias statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Elaphurus davidianus angl. Père David’s deer vok. Davidshirsch; Milu; Miluhirsch rus. милу; олень Давида pranc. cerf du Père David ryšiai: platesnis… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • cerfs du Père David — Dovydo elniai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas gentis apibrėžtis Gentyje 1 rūšis. Laikomi zoologijos soduose, parkuose. atitikmenys: lot. Elaphurus angl. Père David’s deer vok. Davidshirsche; Miluhirsche; Milus rus. китайские …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Deer — This article is about the ruminant animal. For other uses, see Deer (disambiguation). Fawn and Stag redirect here. For other uses, see Fawn (disambiguation) and Stag (disambiguation). Deer Temporal range: Early Oligocene–Recent …   Wikipedia


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