percussion


percussion
percussional, adj.
/peuhr kush"euhn/, n.
1. the striking of one body against another with some sharpness; impact; blow.
2. Med. the striking or tapping of the surface of a part of the body for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
3. the striking of a musical instrument to produce tones.
4. Music.
a. the section of an orchestra or band comprising the percussion instruments.
b. the percussion instruments themselves.
5. a sharp blow for detonating a percussion cap or the fuze of an artillery shell.
6. the striking of sound on the ear.
7. the act of percussing.
[1535-45; < L percussion- (s. of percussio) a beating. See PERCUSS, -ION]

* * *

      in medicine, diagnostic procedure that entails striking the body directly or indirectly with short, sharp taps of a finger or, rarely, a hammer. The procedure was first described in 1761 by the Austrian physician Leopold Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg (Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg, Leopold). Although generally ignored by his contemporaries, it is now routinely employed. The sounds produced by the procedure are helpful in determining the size and position of various internal organs, in revealing the presence of fluid or air in the chest, and in aiding in the diagnosis of certain lung disorders.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PERCUSSION — Si, dans la plupart des musiques des sociétés primitives et des civilisations extra européennes, les instruments à percussion ont toujours tenu une place importante, ils ont, au contraire, été longtemps l’objet d’un relatif dédain dans la musique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Percussion — Per*cus sion, n. [L. percussio: cf. F. percussion. See {Percuss}.] 1. The act of percussing, or striking one body against another; forcible collision, esp. such as gives a sound or report. Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: The effect of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • percussion — PERCUSSION. s. f. Terme dogmatique. Coup, action par laquelle un corps en frape un autre. Percussion violente. percussion soudaine. le cerveau est quelquefois offensé par une violente percussion des esprits. quelques Philosophes tiennent que le… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • percussion — [pər kush′ən] n. [L percussio < percussus: see PERCUSS] 1. the hitting or impact of one body against another, as the hammer of a firearm against a cap 2. the shock, vibration, etc. resulting from this 3. the percussion instruments of an… …   English World dictionary

  • percussion — ► NOUN 1) (before another noun ) (of a musical instrument) played by being struck or shaken. 2) percussion instruments forming a band or section of an orchestra. 3) the striking of one solid object with or against another. DERIVATIVES… …   English terms dictionary

  • Percussion — (v. lat.), 1) Erschütterung, Stoß, Schlag; 2) s.u. Auscultation 2) (Med.); 3) Entzündung der Ladung eines Gewehrs od. Geschützes durch Stoß od. Schlag …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Percussion — Percussion, lat. dtsch., Stoß, Schlag; in der Heilkunde jene physikalische Untersuchungsweise, welche in einem leichten Anklopfen an die Wandung einer der Körperhöhlen besteht, um aus der Art des dadurch hervorgebrachten Tons den Zustand der… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • percussion — index collision (accident) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • percussion — фр. [пэркюсьо/н], англ. [пэка/шн] percussione ит. [пэркуссио/нэ] группа ударн. инструм …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • percussion — 1540s, a striking, a blow, from L. percussionem (nom. percussio), from pp. stem of percutere to strike, from per through (see PER (Cf. per)) + quatere to strike, shake. Reference to musical instruments is first recorded 1776 …   Etymology dictionary

  • percussion — concussion, clash, shock, *impact, impingement, collision, jar, jolt Analogous words: striking, hitting, smiting (see STRIKE): vibration, oscillation, fluctuation (see corresponding verbs at SWING) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.