/pee"euh nij/, n.1. the condition or service of a peon.2. the practice of holding persons in servitude or partial slavery, as to work off a debt or to serve a penal sentence.[1840-50, Amer.; PEON1 + -AGE]
* * *Form of involuntary servitude, the origins of which date to the Spanish conquest of Mexico, when the conquerors forced the poor, especially Indians, to work for Spanish planters and mine operators.In the U.S., the word peon referred to workers compelled by contract to pay their creditors in labour. Though prohibited under U.S. federal law, peonage persisted in some southern states through state laws that made labour compulsory. Another form of peonage exists when prisoners sentenced to hard labour are farmed out to labour camps.
* * *form of involuntary servitude, the origins of which have been traced as far back as the Spanish conquest of Mexico, when the conquerors were able to force the poor, especially the Indians, to work for Spanish planters and mine operators. In both the English and Spanish languages, the word peon became synonymous with labourer but (labour law) was restricted in the United States to those workers compelled by contract to pay their creditors in labour. Although the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution and congressional legislation after the American Civil War prohibited any such involuntary servitude in the United States, the former slaveholding states of the South devised certain legislation to make labour compulsory. Under these state laws, employers could induce or deceive men into signing contracts for labour to pay their debts or to avoid fines that might be imposed by the courts.Another form of peonage exists when prisoners sentenced to hard labour are farmed out to either private or governmental labour camps.
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См. также в других словарях:
peonage — pe·on·age / pē ə nij/ n: labor in a condition of servitude to extinguish a debt the holding of any person to service or labor under the system known as peonage is abolished and forever prohibited U.S. Code Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law.… … Law dictionary
PÉONAGE — À l’origine, le péon est le travailleur agricole, non propriétaire, qui n’a que la force de ses bras pour vivre. Au XIXe siècle, quand s’est posé en Amérique latine le problème de la main d’œuvre agricole, une pratique nouvelle est apparue et a… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Peonage — Pe on*age, n. The condition of a peon. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Péonage — (franz., spr. āsche, v. span. peón, Tagelöhner), ein die Stelle der Sklaverei vertretendes Lohnsystem, besonders in Mexiko und New Mexico … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
peonage — 1850, from PEON (Cf. peon) + AGE (Cf. age) … Etymology dictionary
peonage — [pē′ə nij] n. 1. the condition of a peon 2. the system by which debtors or legal prisoners are held in servitude to labor for their creditors or for persons who lease their services from the state … English World dictionary
Peonage — Pe|o|na|ge 〈[ ʒə] f. 19; unz.〉 von den span. Eroberern in Mittel u. Südamerika eingeführtes System der Entlohnung, das durch Lohnvorschüsse zur Verschuldung der Peonen führte * * * Pe|o|na|ge [peo na:ʒə, engl.: pi:ənɪdʒ], die; [engl. peonage]… … Universal-Lexikon
Peonage — Pe|o|na|ge [peo na:ʒə, engl. pi:ənidʒ] die; <aus gleichbed. amerik. peonage zu span. peón, vgl. ↑Peon> (hist.) Lohnsystem (bes. in Mexiko), das zur Verschuldung der Peonen führte … Das große Fremdwörterbuch
peonage — noun Date: 1847 1. a. the use of laborers bound in servitude because of debt b. a system of convict labor by which convicts are leased to contractors 2. the condition of a peon … New Collegiate Dictionary
peonage — noun a) A system of paying back debt characterized by involuntary servitude b) Indentured servitude … Wiktionary