pension


pension
pensionable, adj.pensionably, adv.pensionless, adj.
/pen"sheuhn/; Fr. /pahonn syawonn"/ for 3, n., pl. pensions /-sheuhnz/; Fr. /-syawonn"/ for 3, v.
n.
1. a fixed amount, other than wages, paid at regular intervals to a person or to the person's surviving dependents in consideration of past services, age, merit, poverty, injury or loss sustained, etc.: a retirement pension.
2. an allowance, annuity, or subsidy.
3. (in France and elsewhere in continental Europe)
a. a boardinghouse or small hotel.
b. room and board.
v.t.
4. to grant or pay a pension to.
5. to cause to retire on a pension (usually fol. by off).
[1325-75; ME ( < OF pensïon) < L pension- (s. of pensio) a weighing out, hence, a paying out, installment paying, equiv. to pens(us) (ptp. of pendere to weigh out, pay by weight, equiv. to pend- v. s. + -tus ptp. suffix, with dt > s) + -ion- -ION]

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Series of periodic money payments made to a person who retires from employment because of age, disability, or the completion of an agreed span of service.

The payments generally continue for the rest of the recipient's natural life, and they are sometimes extended to a widow or other survivor. Military pensions have existed for many centuries; private pension plans originated in Europe in the 19th century. There are two basic types of pension plans: defined contribution and defined benefit. A defined contribution plan invests a defined amount each pay period. The individual may have some discretion as to how the money is invested. The benefit, the amount of the pension, depends on the success of those investments. A defined benefit plan pays a known amount according to some formula, but the amount invested in the fund may vary. Pensions may be funded by making payments into a pension trust fund or by the purchase of annuities from insurance companies. In plans known as multiemployer plans, various employers contribute to one central trust fund administered by a joint board of trustees.

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▪ retirement benefit
      series of periodic money payments made to a person who retires from employment because of age, disability, or the completion of an agreed span of service. The payments generally continue for the remainder of the natural life of the recipient, and sometimes to a widow or other survivor. Military pensions have existed for many centuries; private pension plans originated in Europe during the 19th century.

      Eligibility for and amounts of benefits are based on a variety of factors, including length of employment, age, earnings, and, in some cases, past contributions. Benefits are sometimes also arranged to complement payments from public social-security (social security) programs. Although public and private pension plans have undergone parallel development in the United States and Britain, in other countries—e.g., Italy and Sweden—the existence of social-security programs paying generous retirement benefits has to some extent precluded significant development of private pension plans. In other cases, though, as in Germany, private programs have been widely adopted in spite of large social-security benefits.

      Pensions may be funded by making payments into a pension trust fund (or a pension foundation in some European countries) or by the purchase of annuities from insurance companies. In plans known as multiemployer plans, various employers contribute to one central trust fund administered by a joint board of trustees. Such plans are particularly common in The Netherlands and France and in industries in the United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
(from a government for past services), /


Look at other dictionaries:

  • pension — [ pɑ̃sjɔ̃ ] n. f. • pensiun « paiement, récompense » 1225; lat. pensio « pesée, paiement », de pendere « peser, payer » 1 ♦ Allocation périodique versée régulièrement à une personne. ⇒ allocation, dotation. Pension de retraite. ⇒ 1. retraite.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pension — PENSION. s. f. Somme d argent que l on donne pour estre logé & nourri. Bonne, forte, mediocre pension. payer pension. il a payé les deux premiers quartiers de sa pension. voilà un quartier de vostre pension escheu. Il signifie aussi le Lieu où l… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • pensión — sustantivo femenino 1. Cantidad de dinero que recibe una persona todos los meses por encontrarse en determinadas circunstancias: pensión de invalidez, pensión de viudedad. Han subido las pensiones de los jubilados. El padre no le pasa a su mujer… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • pension — pen·sion n: money paid under given conditions to a person following retirement or to surviving dependents see also defined benefit plan, defined contribution plan Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • pensión — (Del lat. pensĭo, ōnis). 1. f. Cantidad periódica, temporal o vitalicia, que la seguridad social paga por razón de jubilación, viudedad, orfandad o incapacidad. 2. Auxilio pecuniario que bajo ciertas condiciones se concede para estimular o… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • pension — PENSIÓN, pensioane, s.n. Instituţie particulară de învăţământ din trecut (unde elevii erau găzduiţi în perioada şcolarizării); pensionat. [pr.: si on. – var.: (înv.) pansión s.n.] – Din fr. pension. Trimis de RACAI, 21.10.2003. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • Pensión — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase hostelería. Para otros usos de este término, véase pensión alimenticia. Una pensión es un plan de jubilación que pretende ofrecer a una persona unos ingresos seguros de por vida …   Wikipedia Español

  • pension — [pen′shən; ] for n [.] 3 [, ] Fr [ pän syōn′] n. [ME pensioun < MFr < L pensio, a paying < pp. of pendere, to weigh, pay, hang: see PENDANT] 1. a payment, not wages, made regularly to a person (or to his family) who has fulfilled certain …   English World dictionary

  • Pension — stammt über das frz. vom lat. pensio „Abwägen, Auszahlung, Abgabe“ ab und hat mehrere Bedeutungen, z. B.: Pension (Altersversorgung), eine Altersversorgung für Personen, die das Ruhestandsalter erreicht haben Pension (Unterkunft),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pension — Sf Ruhestand(sgeld); Fremdenunterkunft std. (15. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. pension Gehalt, Ruhegehalt , dieses aus l. pēnsio ( ōnis) Zahlung, Auszahlung , eigentlich Abwägen , zu l. pendere (pēnsum) wägen, abwägen , eigentlich… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • pension — Pension, Pensio. Petite pension, Pentiuncula. Pension pour un mois, Menstruum. Annuelle pension, Annuum. Il a pension de l estat du Roy, Annua congiaria a rationario publico habet, B …   Thresor de la langue françoyse


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