penicillium


penicillium
/pen'euh sil"ee euhm/, n., pl. penicilliums, penicillia /-sil"ee euh/.
any fungus of the genus Penicillium, certain species of which are used in cheesemaking and as the source of penicillin.
[1925-30; < NL, equiv. to L penicill(us) brush (see PENCIL) + -ium -IUM]

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Any blue or green mold in the genus Penicillium (kingdom Fungi; see fungus).

Common on foodstuffs, leather, and fabrics, they are economically important in producing antibiotics (see penicillin), organic acids, and cheeses such as English Stilton, Italian Gorgonzola, and French Roquefort.

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fungus
  genus of blue or green mold fungi (kingdom Fungi) that exists as asexual forms (anamorphs, or deuteromycetes). Those species for which the sexual phase is known are placed in the Eurotiales. Found on foodstuffs, leather, and fabrics, they are of economic importance in the production of antibiotics ( penicillin, q.v.), organic acids, and cheeses.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Penicillium — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Penicillium Penicillium …   Wikipedia Español

  • Penicillium — Penicillium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • penicillium — [ penisiljɔm ] n. m. • 1860; « partie disposée en manière de pinceau » 1836; penicillion 1817; lat. penicillum « pinceau » ♦ Bot. Champignon (périsporiacées) qui forme une moisissure verdâtre sur certaines matières exposées à l humidité. Les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • penicillium — PENICÍLLIUM s.m. Specie de ciuperci cu mulţi nuclei din care se extrage penicilina. – Din fr. pénicillium. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  penicíllium s. m. (sil. li um) Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic … …   Dicționar Român

  • Penicillium — género de hongos, algunas especies de las cuales han estado provisionalmente ligadas a enfermedades humanas. La penicilina G se obtiene a partir de Penicillium chrysogenum y de P. notatum. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la… …   Diccionario médico

  • penicillium — [pen΄i sil′ē əm] n. pl. penicilliums or penicillia [pen΄i sil′ə] [ModL < L penicillus (see PENCIL): from the tuftlike ends of the conidiophores] any of a genus (Penicillium) of imperfect fungi growing as green mold on stale bread, ripening… …   English World dictionary

  • Penicillĭum — (P. Lk.), Schimmelpilzgattung, zu Hyphomycetes Mucedines; Art: P. glaucum Griv., der gewöhnliche, eine weißliche Haut bildende Schimmel, mit grünlich blauen Samen auf eingemachten Früchten, Syrupen etc …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Penicillĭum — Lk. (Pinselschimmel), Pilzgattung aus der Familie der Perisporiazeen. P. glaucum Lk. (s. Tafel »Pilze IV«, Fig. 2) ist in seiner Konidienform der gemeinste, überall verbreitete Schimmelpilz, der auf Brot, eingemachten Früchten etc. in blaugrünen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Penicillium — Penicillĭum Link., Pilzgattg. der Perisporiazeen; P. glaucum Link. (Pinsel oder Brotschimmel [Abb. 1354]), gemeinster Schimmelpilz, auf Brot, Früchten, geräucherten Fleischwaren etc. blaugrüne Krusten bildend …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Penicillium — Pinselschimmel Systematik Abteilung: Schlauchpilze (Ascomycota) Klasse: Echte Schlauchpilze (Ascomycetes) Unterklasse: Eurotiomycetidae Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Penicillium — Taxobox name = Penicillium image width = 250px image caption = Penicillium sp. regnum = Fungi phylum = Deuteromycota classis = Eurotiomycetes ordo = Moniliales familia = Moniliaceae genus = Penicillium subdivision ranks = Species subdivision =… …   Wikipedia


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