penalty
/pen"l tee/, n., pl. penalties.
1. a punishment imposed or incurred for a violation of law or rule.
2. a loss, forfeiture, suffering, or the like, to which one subjects oneself by nonfulfillment of some obligation.
3. something that is forfeited, as a sum of money.
4. a disadvantage imposed upon one of the competitors or upon one side for infraction of the rules of a game, sport, etc.
5. consequence or disadvantage attached to any action, condition, etc.
[1505-15; ML poenalitas. See PENAL, -TY2]

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • penalty — [ penalti ] n. m. • 1898; mot angl. « pénalisation », même rac. que pénal ♦ Sport Faute grave commise par un footballeur dans la surface de réparation de son camp. L arbitre a sifflé le penalty. Il y a penalty. ♢ Coup de pied tiré de l intérieur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • penalty — pen·al·ty / pen əl tē/ n pl ties 1: a punishment that is imposed on a wrongdoer by statute or judicial decision 2: a pecuniary sum that by agreement is to be paid by a party who fails to fulfill an obligation to another and that is punitive… …   Law dictionary

  • penalty — pen‧al‧ty [ˈpenlti] noun penalties PLURALFORM [countable] 1. a punishment for breaking a law or rule: penalty for • There will be increased penalties for dumping oil at sea. • The offence carries a maximum …   Financial and business terms

  • Penalty — Pe nal*ty, n.; pl. {Penalties}. [F. p[ e]nalit[ e]. See {Penal}.] 1. Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Penalty — [ˈpɛnl̩tɪ] (engl.: Strafe, Sanktion) bezeichnet im deutschen Sprachraum meistens den mit dem Fuß zu tretenden Strafstoß im Fußball und Rugby. einen Strafschuss bei verschiedenen Hockeyarten, siehe Penalty (Eishockey). den Strafwurf beim Kanupolo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Penalty — o penalti (del ingl. «penalty»; pl. «penaltys» o «penaltis») m. En fútbol y otros deportes, máxima sanción que consiste en permitir que un jugador solo ante el portero del equipo contrario tire directamente a gol, como castigo a este equipo por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • penalty — ► NOUN (pl. penalties) 1) a punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract. 2) something unpleasant suffered as a result of an action or circumstance: feeling cold is one of the penalties of old age. 3) a penalty kick or shot. ● under… …   English terms dictionary

  • penalty — pénalty (angl.) / penálti ( nal ti) s. n., art. pénalty ul / penáltiul ( ti ul); pl. pénalty uri / penáltiuri Trimis de gall, 20.02.2008. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • penalty — penalty, casarse de penalty ► casarse, ► casarse de penalty …   Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"

  • penalty of — With liability in case of infraction to the penalty of ● penalty …   Useful english dictionary

  • penalty — {{hw}}{{penalty}}{{/hw}}(sport) Nel calcio, calcio di rigore …   Enciclopedia di italiano

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”