pedigree


pedigree
pedigreeless, adj.
/ped"i gree'/, n.
1. an ancestral line; line of descent; lineage; ancestry.
2. a genealogical table, chart, list, or record, esp. of a purebred animal.
3. distinguished, excellent, or pure ancestry.
4. derivation, origin, or history: the pedigree of a word.
[1375-1425; late ME pedegru < AF, equiv. to MF pie de grue lit., foot of crane, a fanciful way of describing the appearance of the lines of a genealogical chart]
Syn. 2. PEDIGREE, GENEALOGY refer to an account of ancestry. A PEDIGREE is a table or chart recording a line of ancestors, either of persons or (more especially) of animals, as horses, cattle, and dogs; in the case of animals, such a table is used as proof of superior qualities: a detailed pedigree. A GENEALOGY is an account of the descent of a person or family traced through a series of generations, usually from the first known ancestor: a genealogy that includes a king.

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Record of ancestry or purity of breed.

Pedigrees of domesticated animals are maintained by governmental or private record associations or breed organizations in many countries. In human genetics, pedigree diagrams are used to trace the inheritance of a specific trait, abnormality, or disease. Standard symbols are used to represent males, females, mating (marriage), and offspring. The offspring symbols appear from left to right in the order of birth and are connected to the marriage line by a vertical line. Possession of the character under study is shown by a solid or blackened symbol, and absence is shown by an open or clear symbol.

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      a record of ancestry or purity of breed. Studbooks (listings of pedigrees for horses, dogs, etc.) and herdbooks (records for cattle, swine, sheep, etc.) are maintained by governmental or private record associations or breed organizations in many countries.

      In human genetics, pedigree diagrams are utilized to trace the inheritance of a specific trait, abnormality, or disease. A male is represented by a square or the symbol ♂, a female by a circle or the symbol ♀. Mating is shown by a horizontal line (marriage line) connecting a male symbol and a female symbol; offspring symbols are connected in a row (sibship line) beneath the mated pair. The offspring symbols appear from left to right in the order of birth and are connected to the marriage line by a vertical line. Possession of the character under study is shown by a solid or blackened symbol, and absence is shown by an open or clear symbol. Multiple births are designated by joining the individual symbols to the same point on the sibship line. Siblings not shown as individual symbols are indicated by a number within a large symbol for each sex.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • pedigree — [ pedigre ] n. m. • 1828; mot angl., de l a. fr. pié de grue « marque formée de trois traits » 1 ♦ Extrait du livre généalogique d un animal de race pure. Établir le pedigree d un chien de luxe. 2 ♦ (Personnes) Iron. Généalogie. Il est très fier… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pédigree — Pedigree  Cet article concerne le sens généalogique du mot Pedigree. Pour la marque d alimentation animale, voir Pedigree (marque). Le pedigree est : chez les animaux, une liste d ancêtres de la même espèce garantissant la pureté de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pédigrée — Pedigree  Cet article concerne le sens généalogique du mot Pedigree. Pour la marque d alimentation animale, voir Pedigree (marque). Le pedigree est : chez les animaux, une liste d ancêtres de la même espèce garantissant la pureté de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pedigree — (рус. Педигри) серия премиальных кормов для собак, выпускаемых американской продовольственной компанией Mars в её подразделении «Masterfoods». Содержание 1 Виды кормов 2 Разработчик корма Pedigree …   Википедия

  • Pedigree — can refer to:* Pedigree (animal) * Pedigree chart, used by genealogists to record ancestry * Pedigree Petfoods, a company that manufactures pet food * Marston s Pedigre e, an English ale * The Pedigree is the name of the finishing move used by… …   Wikipedia

  • Pedigree — Ped i*gree, n. [Of unknown origin; possibly fr. F. par degr[ e]s by degrees, for a pedigree is properly a genealogical table which records the relationship of families by degrees; or, perh., fr. F. pied de grue crane s foot, from the shape of the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pedigree — ( pɛdigri; der; englisch) ist: der englische Begriff für Ahnentafel als Pedigree Zuchtwert der Erwartungswert in der Tierzucht der französische Begriff für Stammbaum Pedigree du vampire, ein Buch von Pierre Gripari ein Produktname für Hundefutter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pedigree — PEDIGRÉE s.n. v. pedigriu. Trimis de valeriu, 18.03.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  PEDIGRÉE s.n. v. pedigriu. Trimis de LauraGellner, 17.10.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • pedigree — [adj] purebred full blooded, pedigreed, pure blood, thoroughbred; concept 549 Ant. base born, lowly pedigree [n] ancestry, heritage blood, breed, clan, derivation, descent, extraction, family, family tree, genealogy, heredity, line, lineage,… …   New thesaurus

  • pedigree — pedigree. См. генеалогическая схема. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Pedigree — (engl., spr. péddigri), der urkundlich nachgewiesene Stammbaum des Pferdes; vgl. auch Pflanzenzüchtung und Viehzucht …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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