Parmenides


Parmenides
Parmenidean /pahr'meuh nid"ee euhn/, adj.
/pahr men"i deez'/, n.
fl. c450 B.C., Greek Eleatic philosopher.

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born с 515 BC

Greek philosopher, leader of the Eleatics.

His general teaching has been reconstructed from the few surviving fragments of his lengthy verse composition On Nature. He held that the multiplicity of existing things, their changing forms and motion, are but an appearance of a single eternal reality, "Being." This doctrine, which was formulated as the principle that "all is one," entails that all claims of change or of non-Being are illogical. Because of his method of basing claims about appearances on a logical concept of Being, he is considered a founder of metaphysics. Plato's dialogue Parmenides discusses his thought.

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▪ Greek philosopher
born c. 515 BC

      Greek philosopher of Elea in southern Italy who founded Eleaticism, one of the leading pre-Socratic schools of Greek thought. His general teaching has been diligently reconstructed from the few surviving fragments of his principal work, a lengthy three-part verse composition titled On Nature.

      Parmenides held that the multiplicity of existing things, their changing forms and motion, are but an appearance of a single eternal reality (“Being”), thus giving rise to the Parmenidean principle that “all is one.” From this concept of Being, he went on to say that all claims of change or of non-Being are illogical. Because he introduced the method of basing claims about appearances on a logical concept of Being, he is considered one of the founders of metaphysics.

      Plato's dialogue the Parmenides deals with his thought. An English translation of his work was edited by L. Tarán (1965).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Parmenides — Parmenides,   griechisch Parmenịdes, Parmenides von Elea, griechischer Philosoph, * um 515 (um 540 ?) v. Chr., ✝ um 445 (um 470 ?) v. Chr.; Vorsokratiker; neben Zenon der wichtigste Vertreter der eleatischen Philosophie. Sein v. a. durch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Parménides — (Parmenídēs) ► (ss. VI V a C) Filósofo griego. Es el principal representante de la escuela eleática; concibe el ser como uno e inmutable, homogéneo e indivisible, eterno y perfecto, por lo cual considera toda variación ilusoria. Para Parménides… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Parmenĭdes — Parmenĭdes, der bedeutendste der eleatischen Philosophen, von Elea in Unteritalien, kam wahrscheinlich gegen 460 mit seinem Schüler Zenon (s. d.) nach Athen. Seine einzige Schrift war ein philosophisches Lehrgedicht in epischem Versmaß und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Parmenĭdes — Parmenĭdes, aus Elea, um 500 v. Chr., Schüler des Xenophanes, kam 460 mit seinem Schüler Zeno nach Athen, wo er mit Sokrates bekannt wurde, u. begründete vorzüglich den Ruhm der Eleatischen Schule. Im Gegensatz zu der Lehre des Heraklitos vom… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Parmenides — Parmenĭdes, griech. Philosoph des 5. Jahrh. v. Chr., aus Elea, das Haupt der Eleatischen Schule (s.d.); von seinem philos. Lehrgedicht nur Bruchstücke erhalten (griechisch und deutsch hg. von Diels 1897) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Parmenides — Parmenides, griech. Philosoph und Haupt der eleatischen Schule, gebürtig aus Elea, Schüler oder doch Anhänger des Xenophanes, um 460 v. Chr. in Athen lehrend, hochgeachtet (parmenideisches Leben), hinterließ Bruchstücke eines epischen Gedichtes… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Parmenides — of Elea …   Philosophy dictionary

  • PARMENIDES — Eleates Philosophus, Xenophanis an Anaximandrii auditor; atque amicus, cuius meminit Plato, atque eius nomine dialogum scripsit, vocavitque Parmenidem, sive de ideis.´Hic carmine physiologiam expressit, sicut Empedocles et Hesiodus: Duplicem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Parmenides — [pär men′ə dēz΄] 5th cent. B.C.; Gr. Eleatic philosopher …   English World dictionary

  • Parmenides — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = Pre Socratic philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = Parmenides name = Polytonic|Παρμενίδης birth = ca. 520 BC death = ca. 450 BC school tradition = Eleatic school main interests =… …   Wikipedia

  • Parmenides — Darstellung von Parmenides in Raphaels Fresko Die Schule von Athen (1510 1511) Parmen(a)ides von Elea, gr. Παρμενίδης (* um 540/535 v. Chr.; † um 483/475 v. Chr.) war ein griechischer Philosoph. Parmenides stammte aus Elea in Süditalien und gilt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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