parish


parish
/par"ish/, n.
1. an ecclesiastical district having its own church and member of the clergy.
2. a local church with its field of activity.
3. (in Louisiana) a county.
4. the people of an ecclesiastical or civil parish.
5. Curling. house (def. 20).
6. on the parish, Brit.
a. receiving charity from local authorities.
b. Informal. meagerly or inadequately supplied.
[1250-1300; ME, var. of parosshe < MF paroisse < LL parochia, alter. of paroecia < LGk paroikía, deriv. of Gk pároikos neighbor, (in Christian usage) sojourner (see PAROICOUS); see -IA]

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      in some Christian church polities, a geographic unit served by a pastor or priest. It is a subdivision of a diocese.

      In the New Testament, the Greek word paroikia means sojourning, or temporary, residence. In the very early church, the parish was the entire body of Christians in a city under the bishop, who stood in the same relationship to the Christians of the entire city as does the parish priest to the parish in modern times. In the 4th century, when Christianity in western Europe spread to the countryside, Christians in an important village were organized into a unit with their own priest under the jurisdiction of the bishop of the nearest city. The unit was called a parish.

      In Anglo-Saxon England the first parish churches were founded in important administrative centres. They were called minsters, and subsequently old minsters, to distinguish them from the later village churches. When the Church of England (England, Church of) became independent of Rome during the 16th century, it retained the parish as the basic unit of the church.

      The parish system in Europe was essentially created between the 8th and 12th centuries. The Council of Trent (Trent, Council of) (1545–63) reorganized and reformed the parish system of the Roman Catholic church (Roman Catholicism) to make it more responsive to the needs of the people.

      In civil government the parish is the lowest unit of government in England. In the United States, Louisiana is divided into parishes, the equivalent of counties in other states.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Parish — • A portion of a diocese under the authority of a priest legitimately appointed to secure the helps of religion for the faithful dwelling therein Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Parish     Parish …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Parish — Par ish, a. Of or pertaining to a parish; parochial; as, a parish church; parish records; a parish priest; maintained by the parish; as, parish poor. Dryden. [1913 Webster] {Parish clerk}. (a) The clerk or recording officer of a parish. (b) A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Parish — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El apellido Parish puede referirse a: Samuel Bonsall Parish, botánico estadounidense; Robert Parish, baloncestista estadounidense; Sir Woodbine Parish, diplomático británico; John Parish, músico británico; Obtenido… …   Wikipedia Español

  • parish — par·ish / par ish/ n: a civil division of the state of Louisiana corresponding to a county in other states Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. parish …   Law dictionary

  • Parish — [pærɪʃ] (engl.; zu deutsch etwa „Pfarrei, Kirchspiel, Parochie“) ist, ähnlich den Landkreisen oder Gemeinden in Deutschland, eine Verwaltungseinheit in englischsprachigen Ländern und findet sich dort als Namensbestandteil von Gebietsbezeichnungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parish — Parish, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 512 Housing Units (2000): 212 Land area (2000): 1.538490 sq. miles (3.984671 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.538490 sq. miles (3.984671 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Parish, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 512 Housing Units (2000): 212 Land area (2000): 1.538490 sq. miles (3.984671 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.538490 sq. miles (3.984671 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • parish — (n.) late 13c., from Anglo Fr. paroche, parosse (late 11c.), from O.Fr. paroisse, from L.L. parochia a diocese, alteration of Late Gk. paroikia a diocese or parish, from paroikos a sojourner (in Christian writers), in classical Greek, neighbor,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • parish — ► NOUN 1) (in the Christian Church) a small administrative district with its own church and clergy. 2) (also civil parish) Brit. the smallest unit of local government in rural areas. ORIGIN Old French paroche, from Greek paroikia staying… …   English terms dictionary

  • parish — [par′ish] n. [ME parissche < OFr parroche < LL(Ec) parochia, for paroecia < LGr(Ec) paroikia, a diocese < Gr, a sojourning (in a foreign land, or, by early Christians, on earth) < paroikos, a stranger < para (see PARA 1) + oikos …   English World dictionary

  • parish — par ish (p[a^]r [i^]sh), n. [OE. parishe, paresche, parosche, OF. paroisse, parosse, paroiche, F. paroisse, L. parochia, corrupted fr. paroecia, Gr. paroiki a, fr. pa roikos dwelling beside or near; para beside + o i^kos a house, dwelling; akin… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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